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by President David 0. McKay 

Every man and every person who lives in this 
world wields an influence, whether for good or for 
evil. It is not what he says alone; it is not alone 
what he does. It is what he is. Every man, every 
person radiates what he or she really is. Every per- 
son is a recipient of radiation. The Saviour was 
conscious of that. Whenever He came into the pres- 
ence of an individual, He sensed that radiation — 
whether it was the woman of Samaria with her past 
life; whether it was the woman who was to be 
stoned, or the men who were to stone her; whether 

(For Course 6, lesson of December 27, "What It Means To Be a 
Latter-day Saint"; for Course 24, lesson of December 27, "The Per- 
sonal Commitment"; for Course 28, lesson of December 13, "Practical 
Religion — Spirituality"; and for general reading.) 

it was the statesman, Nicodemus, or one of the lep- 
ers. He was conscious of the radiation from the 
individual. And to a degree so are you, and so am 
I. It is what we are and what we radiate that affects 
the people around us. 

As individuals, we must think nobler thoughts. 
We must not encourage vile thoughts or low aspira- 
tions. We shall radiate them if we do. If we think 
noble thoughts; if we encourage and cherish noble 
aspirations, there will be that radiation when we 
meet people, especially when we associate with them. 

As it is true of the individual, so it is true of the 
home. Our homes radiate what we are, and that 



radiation comes from what we say and how we act 
in the home. No member of this Church — husband, 
father — has the right to utter an oath in his home, 
or ever to express a cross word to his wife or to his 
children. You cannot do it as a man who holds the 
priesthood and be true to the spirit within you by 
your ordination and your responsibility. You should 
contribute to an ideal home by your character, con- 
trolling your passion, your temper, guarding your 
speech, because those things will make your home 
what it is and what it will radiate to the neighbor- 

A City That Radiates Spirituality 

I am reminded of a remark made by a man who 
came to Salt Lake City and attended the board 
meeting of the United States Steel Corporation in 
1946. Some of the General Authorities were invited 
to attend a dinner of that board; and, at the con- 
clusion of that entertainment, Mr. Irving S. Olds, 
the chairman of the board, who was the master of 
ceremonies on that occasion, said: "Now we are not 
going to have any set speeches, but here is an op- 
portunity if any of you would like to express your- 

Mr. Nathan L. Miller, general counsel for that 
board, arose and in substance said, "I am one of 
those inquisitive, suspicious New Englanders; and 
I have been impressed with something in this city 
that seems to be different from any other city I have 
ever visited. I walked up and down Main Street and 
watched the people; and I tried to define that some- 
thing, and wondered what it was, but during an 
interview in the president's office today (President 
George Albert Smith was their host then), I think 
I discovered what that difference is." (President 
Smith had called on some of the brethren to speak 
to these United States Steel board members who 
were sitting and standing around the First Presi- 
dency's board room in the Church Administration 
Building. ) Mr. Miller continued, "I listened to what 
these men said. One of them had referred to the 
pioneers and the spirit of the pioneers; that before 
they started out across the plains, under the direc- 
tion of President Brigham Young they first sought 
divine guidance. Second, under his direction, they 
were prepared. Every man carried a gun and was 
prepared for an attack of savages or any other 
possible emergency that might come to the pioneers 
that day. And third, every man was required to 

take just as much care of his neighbor's cattle as he 
did his own." Worship, Preparation, Service! 

I do not know whether it was that that answered 
this gentleman's curiosity or not; but he said, "I 
thought in that meeting in the President's office I 
detected what there is in this city which is different 
— it is spirituality! That's it — it is spirituality! I 
am wondering if you younger men (he spoke to those 
around him) can keep that spirituality with the in- 
stallation of material things coming into your midst." 

Mr. Miller was referring to that radiation of the 
group which we all feel. I repeat, every individual 
has it. Every home radiates it, and every Latter- 
day Saint home should have it. 

A father visited his son's new home. The son 
was proud to show him the various rooms and the 
new installations in the kitchen. After they were 
through with their visit, the father said, "Yes, it is 
beautiful; but I see no signs of God in your home." 
And the son said, "I went back; and as I looked 
through the rooms, I noticed I had nothing sugges- 
tive of the presence of the Redeemer or the Saviour." 

Church Members Should Radiate Love and Harmony 

As men of the priesthood, as women of the 
Church, we have greater responsibilities than ever 
before to make our homes such as will radiate to 
our neighbors harmony, love, community duties, loy- 
alty. Let our neighbors see it and hear it. Never 
must there be expressed in a Latter-day Saint home 
an oath, a condemnatory term, an expression of 
anger or jealousy or hatred. Control it! Do not 
express it! You do what you can to produce peace 
and harmony, no matter what you may suffer. 

The Saviour set us the example. He was always 
calm, always controlled, radiating something which 
people could feel as they passed. When the woman 
touched His garment, He felt something go from Him 
— that radiation which is divine. 

Each individual soul has it. That is you! The 
body is only the house in which you live. 

The Church is reaching out, radiating not only 
by its prayers, its houses of worship and meetings, 
but now through television and radio it is radiating 
throughout the whole world. 

God help us as members of the priesthood, as 
members of the Church, to radiate Faith, Love of 
humanity, Charity, Control, Consideration, and 

Library File Reference: Spiritual Values. 




Nobody apparently knows for certain just what 
part of the New World Christopher Columbus first 
saw, or where he first landed, according to a recent 
story in The Memorial Salesman. 

Columbus gave the name San Salvador (Holy 
Saviour) to the West Indian island on which he 
landed on Oct. 12, 1492. As there is now no 
island in the West Indies called San Salvador, some 
authorities think that Columbus landed on the Brit- 
ish island now known as Watling. 

Columbus never set foot on any part of the 
continent of North America until his fourth voyage 
in 1503 and 1504. Then he explored the eastern 
coast of Central America. We still call the abor- 
igines of America Indians because Columbus thought 
that he had discovered India, which in those days 
was the name for the entire Orient. 

Until his dying day in 1506. Columbus believed 
he had merely opened a new way to Asia and the 
Indies. The "new world" he had found he thought 
to be the remoter and wilder parts of the Far East, 
which he accordingly called the West Indies. 

Columbus introduced sugar cane into the New 
World on his second voyage in 1494, when he super- 
vised its planting at Isabella in Hispaniola. It pros- 

(For Course 12, lesson of November 15, "A Gentile Crosses Many 
Waters"; and for Course 16, lesson of November 1, "The Gathering 
of Israel.") 

*From Sunshine Magazine, Vol. 37, No. 10; October, 1960; page 9. 

pered beyond all expectations, and when Columbus' 
son Diego returned to the West Indies in 1522, the 
interest in the raising of sugar cane had completely 
supplanted that in the mining of gold. 

Columbus did not die in prison, as many people 
suppose, and even as some historians have asserted. 
And the oft-repeated story that he died in utter 
destitution is a legend without foundation in fact. 
His will and other evidence indicate that, at the time 
of his death at Valladolid, he possessed considerable 
wealth. He was disappointed because he had been 
neglected and ignored by the Spanish Court, to 
which he had brought much fame and fortune 
through his intrepid explorations. His family be- 
came one of wealth and distinction because of his 
discoveries in the New World. 

No one knows for certain where Columbus is 
buried. His body was first interred at Valladolid, 
Spain; but several years later his remains were 
moved to Seville. In his will he asked to be buried 
in San Domingo, and in 1540 his remains were taken 
there. When San Domingo was threatened with 
British invasion in 1655, the Spanish effaced every 
external trace of the tomb of Columbus. When 
Spain ceded the island to France in 1795, the re- 
mains, supposed to be those of Columbus, were re- 
moved to Havana, and were taken back to Seville 
following the Spanish- American War. 

But San Domingo still claims to have "the orig- 
inal remains of Columbus." 

Library File Reference: Columbus, Christopher. 


Editor : 
President David O. McKay 

Associate Editors: 

General Superintendent George R. Hill 

Lorin F. Wheelwright 

Business Manager: 
Richard E. Folland 

Managing Editor: 
Boyd O. Hatch 

Production Editor: 
Burl Shephard 

Manuscript Editor: 
Richard E. Scholle 

Research Editor: 
H. George Bickerstaff 

Art Director: 
Sherman T. Martin 

Circulation Manager: 
Joan Barber 

Instructor Secretary: 
Pat Gehrke 

Consultant : 
A. William Lund 

Instructor Committee : 

Chairman Lorin F. Wheelwright, Richard E, 
Folland, Marie F. Felt, A. William Lund, Ken- 
neth S. Bennion, H. Aldous Dixon, Leland H. 
Monson, Alexander Schreiner, Lorna C. Alder, 
Vernon J. LeeMaster, Claribel W. Aldous, 
Melba Glade, Henry Eyring, Clarence Tyndall, 
Wallace G. Bennett, Addie J. Gilmore, Camille 
W. Halliday, Margaret Hopkinson, Mima Ras- 
band, Edith M. Nash, Alva H. Parry, Bernard 
S. Walker, Paul B. Tanner, Lewis J. Wallace, 
Arthur D. Browne, Howard S. Bennion, Herald 
L. Carlston, Bertrand F. Harrison, Willis S. 
Peterson, Greldoh L. Nelson, G. Robert 
Ruff, Anthony I. Bentley, Marshall T. Burton, 
Calvin C. Cook, A. Hamer Reiser, Clarence L. 
Madsen, J. Elliot Cameron, Bertrand A. Childs. 

Published by the Deseret Sunday School Union 
of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, the first day of every month at Salt Lake 
City, Utah. Entered at Salt Lake City Post Office 
as second class matter acceptable for mailing at 
special rate of postage provided in Section 1103, 
Act of Oct. 3, 1917, authorized on July 8, 1928. 
Copyright 1964 by the Deseret Sunday School 
Union Board. All rights reserved. 

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is $3.75. 







by Phyllis S. Allen" 

It was a lovely, crisp morning as we climbed the 
hill from the Kidron Valley to St. Stephen's Gate 
in Jerusalem. In the early spring grass the wild 
anemone, referred to by Christ as "the lily of the 
field," was in bright bloom. In all of the lands of 
the Middle East it glows — on the barren hillsides, 
in the rubble of decaying buildings, and along sel- 
dom-traveled highways. 

St. Stephen's Gate is one of seven points of entry 
into the old city of Jerusalem, within whose walls 
huddle seventy thousand souls. Throilgh this arched 
gateway we watched a little donkey padding wearily 
under its human burden; half- veiled women, long- 
robed Arabs, and poorly-clad children passing in and 
out, giving no thought to its momentous signifi- 
cance. It was here that Stephen, the first Christian 
martyr, was stoned to death about A.D. 35. 

Among those who had watched the stoning of 
Stephen was a young Jew from Tarsus who, in his 
zeal and enthusiasm to persecute the Christians, had 
set out for Damascus. This young man was Saul. 

We, too, traveled that barren road to Damascus. 
Near a refugee camp in Syria, we stopped where 
Christ had appeared to Saul and had said, ". . . Saul, 
Saul, why persecutest thou me?" (Acts 9:4.) Then 
we continued on toward the ancient city, built before 
the time of Abraham within the sacred oasis of 
Ghouta. Olive, orange, grenadine, and pomegranate 
still grow in abundance there where lush green foli- 
age is pierced by domes and minarets pointing heav- 

The "street called Straight," the oldest continu- 
ously inhabited street in the world, runs east and 
west, joining two of the seven gates of the ancient 

(Fof Course 14, lessons of December 6, 13, and 27, "Paul among 
the Gentiles," "Unto Caesar Shalt Thou Go," and "The Message of the 
Epistles"; and of general interest.) * 

*Phyllis S. Allen is a special instructor in the Department of 
Housing and Home Management at Brigham Young University. Dur- 
ing 1957 and 1958 her husband, Dr. Mark K. Allen, a member of the 
Psychology Department at BYU, had a Fulbright professorship to 
the University of Ankara, Turkey. While on this assignment the 
Aliens, with their four children, spent many weeks traveling 
through Greece, Egypt, and the Middle East. During those trips they 
visited almost every place where the Apostle Paul went on his 


I iW 

Pompeii | 


I 4 

Rhegium • 

Bo i 



wall. Along this tunnel-like street we pressed our 
way past open-fronted shops where noisy venders 
were selling everything from maize to gold-threaded 
damask. Close beside us ran small boys tugging at 
our sleeves and shouting. Over these same stones, 
some two thousand years earlier, Saul groped his way 
to meet Judas, who took him to Ananias. (See Acts 
9.) A narrow alley led off to the north where we 
saw over a doorway, "Domas Ananias." We stepped 
into a miniature courtyard flooded with sunlight 
from which some covered steps, narrow and worn, 
led steeply downward to a small room carved out of 
stone. This was the "house" of Ananias where Saul 



experienced his miraculous conversion. Today this 
cave is a tiny church containing not more than a 
dozen benches and a simple altar. The old church 
from which Saul escaped forms part of the city wall. 
A constant stream of Arab refugees passes under its 
famed window. 

In the city of Antioch, ancient metropolis of 
the north where the Church was organized and its 
followers mockingly called "Christians," Saul met 
Barnabas; and together they set out to spread the 
Gospel. The view from the temple of Augustus 
looking toward the Grontes River is the same view 
that Saul saw in A.D. 45-46. 

From the air, Cyprus lies like a jewel off the 
coast of southern Turkey, but hundreds of years of 
perpetual strife have taken their toll. Visitors are 
not free to step beyond the confines of barbed wire 
fences which surround the airport. Of the Roman 
temple at Paphos where Paul preached, only three 
pillars remain. They stand near a church bearing 
his name. It was here that Saul took the Christian 
name of Paul. 

Paul landed in Asia Minor at the beautiful cul- 
tural center of Perga. The once great acropolis is 
today a pile of crumbling ruins. The stadium and 
amphitheater each year become more overgrown. 



Traces of lovely mosaic floors still remain, but these 
and numerous fallen columns and capitals are being 
slowly but surely consumed by the lush growth. Re- 
luctantly we left this spot of antiquity and charm. 

Konia (Iconium), where Paul and 'Barnabas 
preached and near the spot where they were stoned 
and left for dead, is now a Moslem city dominated 
by the domes and minarets of huge mosques. A 
very large, bright, blue-tiled minaret is famous 
throughout Turkey. It is in this city that the Whirl- 
ing Dervishes 1 still perform their annual rituals, in 
spite of Turkish laws forbidding them. 

The calm and beautiful port of Antalya from 
which Paul sailed is one of the loveliest spots along 
the blue Turkish Riviera. Wild flowers bloom al- 
most to the water's edge, where delicately-colored 
pebble beaches are washed by gentle waves. Along 
flower-bordered streets quaint, horse-drawn car- 
riages transport those who can spare a few "Kurus." 
Near the city, herds of goats and camels munch 
the long, green grass, attended by nomad herders 
whose hands are always spinning yarn from small 
spindles as they move from place to place. A quiet 
peace pervades this quaint, unspoiled town; and as 
we took our leave toward the Tarus mountains we 
vowed to some day return. 

We first viewed the great, northern Greek har- 
bor of Salonica (Thessalonica) from the high hill 
overlooking the city during a dramatic storm. Today 
this is a busy port where old and new live side by 
side. We walked through the great "Arch of Gale- 
rius" built A.D. 305-311 over the Egnation Way and 
traveled by Paul. Near here, at Philippi, Paul was 
imprisoned. Here he wrote many important letters, 
among which was a harsh one to the Corinthians 

T The dervishes are various Moslem fraternities or orders taking 
vows of poverty and austerity, and noted for their practice of sama 
— an audition of music, singing, or dancing leading to a trance. 
The Whirling Dervish is a dancing dervish. The Howling Dervish 
and Wandering Dervish are other orders. 


As numbers of the Church grew, helpers were needed. Ste- 
phen responded to the call and became a fearless preacher. 
He soon angered the Jews who stoned him to death outside 
this gate. His death separated Christ's followers ^ from 
Judaism and opened the way for the spread of Christianity. 
Among those who watched the mob martyr Stephen was a 
young Jew holding Roman citizenship. His name was Saul. 

rebuking them for their quarrels (II Corinthians, 
A.D. 55), and (A.D. 56) a letter to Rome which is 
one of the best explanations of the Christian faith 
ever written. 

We stood atop the Areopagus (Mars' Hill) op- 
posite the Acropolis in Athens. The wind off the 
bay played with our hair as we looked down into 

Saul soon left for Damascus to persecute the Christians 
residing there. En route he was converted to the new faith. 
In time, he came to this city, Damascus, as a missionary. 
Jews threatened his life so friends aided his escape by 
lowering him in a basket to the ground from this building. 

Left: The Eastern Gate of 
Damascus where "street 
which is called Straight" be- 
gins. In a house on this 
street Saul regained his sight. 

Right: This plaque on the 
Areopagus — the Hill of Mars, 
opposite the Acropolis — com- 
memorates Paul's famous ser- 
mon on the "unknown God." 



the old agora. There Plato and Aristotle and Paul 
had walked. Down to our left stood the Thesium, 
best preserved of all the Greek temples; and to our 
right, the "Tower of the Winds" which, at the time 
of Paul, was the public timepiece of Athens and 
probably contained a water clock and sundials. A 
metal plaque on Mars' Hill bears Paul's famous 
speech to the Athenians on the "unknown god": 
". . . ye men of Athens, I perceive that in all things 
ye are too superstitious. . . ." (Acts 17:22.) 

Where the foundations are uncovered, "modern" 
plumbing is exposed. Colorful trailing vines creep 
up the "Roman brick" walls. But where stood the 
"Temple of Artemis," one of the seven wonders 
of the ancient world, nothing remains but a few 
stones. For three years (A.D. 53-56) Paul lived in 
Ephesus and preached against idolatry, but his work 
ended in riot. A grim reminder of this is the 
remains of the prison, on a hill, far to the west, 
where he was held for a time. In A.D. 57 Paul 

From old Antioch, Barnabas and Saul Paul stayed at Ephesus for three years At Ephesus stood the Temple to Arte- 

sailed on their first missionary journey, writing and preaching both to Jew and mis. Silver work was made and sold in 

Saul changed his name to Paul and to Gentile. When the synagogues were her honor. In this theater, a riot against 

took Christianity to the Gentiles, denied to him, he used other buildings. Paul's teachings lasted for two hours. 

Time passed slowly for Paul in Athens. He felt 
that he was accomplishing little. So he went to 
Corinth, where for one and a half years he preached 
and worked at his trade of tent making. 

We stood at the place where Paul appeared be- 
fore Gallio (A.D. 51-53) in the ancient agora of 
Corinth. Of the temple of Apollo, only seven of 
the 38 columns remain standing. But among the 
ruins, the old Roman baths and the 40-foot deep 
wells connected at the bottom by fresh, running 
water are still discernible. 

Returning to Athens we crossed the great 
Corinth canal, conceived by Julius Caesar, begun by 
Nero with a golden shovel, but not completed until 

On his way to Ephesus, Paul may have stopped 
at Ankara (Ancyra), now the capital city of Turkey, 
from whose ancient citadel one can see travelers 
coming from any direction. Here once lived the leg- 
endary King Midas, who was a real Phrygian king; 
and here an old caravansary has become a museum. 

Ephesus during the time of Paul must have been 
a beautiful city. The marble street running to the 
sea, lined with marble columns, has been silted up. 
But two amphitheaters, a library, the agora (market- 
place) , and numerous other buildings are slowly and 
painstakingly being excavated, as is the street. 

bid farewell to Ephesus and sailed for Jerusalem, 
where he was arrested during the feast of Pentecost. 
On the flagstone floor in the castle of Antonia in 
Jerusalem where Paul was confined, the stones still 
show the diagrams and markings of the games of 
the Roman soldiers. 

Because Paul was a Roman citizen, he was sent 
to Rome for trial. The hazardous trip took over a 
year. When finally he landed, the excellent Ro- 
man roads aided his travels. The one-way streets 
of Pompeii with their high stepping stones may have 
been familiar to him. As he neared the city of 
Rome, along the Apian Way, some of the Christians 
came out to meet him. Along this famed highway 
we saw strong young men lift great wooden mallets 
high over their heads and bring them down with a 
heavy thud, forcing into place the huge stone blocks 
of which the roadbed is made. Over these same 
stones nearly two thousand years ago Paul walked 
in chains to await trial. But Nero was otherwise 
occupied. Thus for two years Paul continued to 
preach to all who came to him, until in A.D. 64 
(according to tradition) he was beheaded outside 
the walls of Rome where today stands the "Abbey 
of the Three Fountains." 

Library File Reference: Paul. 




Leadership for the 
Lord's Purposes 

by William E. Berrett 

Editor's Note: This article is excerpted from a talk 
presented at Brigham Young University, April 21, 1964, 
by Dr. William E. Berrett, entitled, "The Life and Char- 
acter of the Prophet Joseph Smith." The full text is avail- 
able in pamphlet form from the Department of Extension 
Publications, Young House, BYU, Provo, Utah; 204 per 

A Russian historian had visited the United States 
for a time extending beyond a year studying the 
history of great Americans and American institu- 
tions. As he was about to board his ship to return 
to his native land, newspapermen interrogated him. 
One of them asked him this question: "In your study 
of Great Americans during this past year which of 
them do you consider to be the greatest?" His an- 
swer is most startling. He said, "You have only 
had one truly great American, one man who gave to 
the world ideas that could change the whole destiny 
of the human race — Joseph Smith, the Mormon 

Certainly we are ruled by ideas; and when we 
bear in mind the great ideas which Joseph Smith 
brought to the attention of mankind, which he 
taught to us, we begin to realize why his influence 
grows with the years. 

I am not going to take time to elaborate upon 
the great ideas which he brought forth in our day 
and which have scarcely been enlarged since the 
Church began. I am, rather, going to talk about 
the qualities of leadership which made him a fit in- 
strument in the hands of God for the Lord's pur- 
poses upon the earth — qualities of leadership which, 
if you cultivate and possess them, will fit you to 
be servants of the Lord in this latter-day kingdom. 

Qualities of Leadership 

1. Intelligence. 

The first of these qualities is the quality of in- 
telligence, without which, of course, none of us can 
hope to achieve great things. 

It is interesting to note that the Prophet, who 
had little opportunity for formal schooling, was our 
greatest advocate of education. Sensing that his 
people should know languages, especially those basic 

(For Course 4, lesson of December 13, "Writings of Joseph Smith"; 
for Course 6, lesson of December 13, "Joseph Smith — the Great Latter- 
day Prophet"; and of general interest.) 

languages back of the Holy Bible, he employed a 
Hebrew scholar, Dr. Seixas from Oberlin College, to 
come over from Cleveland, Ohio, and teach the lead- 
ers of the Church Hebrew. He thought they could 
master it in seven weeks of night school. This proved 
a little bit short, and they employed him for an- 
other seven weeks — fourteen weeks — equal to one 
quarter of schooling. Only two of the students 
mastered Hebrew sufficiently to give any discourses 
on it, the Prophet Joseph Smith and Orson Pratt. 
The others felt inadequate in that language. 

In the course of a brief few years the Prophet 
Joseph was able to read Egyptian — the ancient hier- 
oglyphics—German, Hebrew, and Greek. I suppose 
he would not have been proficient in speaking any 
of them, but he understood them and conversed on 
Biblical writings in those various languages. On one 
occasion he mentioned a great number of languages 
and said, "If I live long enough I will master them 

Sometimes we test the intelligence of an individ- 
ual by seeing how his views on many subjects com- 
pare with those of other men. The Prophet Joseph 
had views on many subjects other than religion. At 
the time that he was being groomed as a candidate 
for the office of President of the United States in 
the spring of 1844, he wrote a memorial to Con- 
gress in which he voiced his views on many public 
issues. That memorial is worthy of study, for it 
shows his statesmanship in many fields. 

He advocated a strong federal banking system, 
something we did not get in this country until we 
had our Federal Reserve System in 1917. He ad- 
vocated extensive prison reforms, that the prisons 
become schools of learning so that the character of 
the inmates might be changed. He advocated im- 
proving the navigation of the Mississippi River by 
establishing a dam across the river a few miles below 
Nauvoo, and the building of locks so that ships could 
avoid the rapids of that river. If you visit that area 
today a few miles below Nauvoo, at Keokuk, you will 
find the great Keokuk Dam built at exactly the spot 
where he advocated one should be, though he was 
laughed at, at that time. He advocated the exten-' 

The Prophet Joseph Smith had another great qualification 
for leadership. He had a zeal for learning; and he was 
a good student who would not leave a problem unsolved.** 



sion of the American Commonwealth westward to 
the Pacific Ocean, at a time when the land west 
of the Mississippi was considered relatively of little 

2. Zeal for Learning. 

He had a second great qualification. He had a 
zeal for learning; he was a great student. Joseph 
Smith could not leave a problem alone until he found 
its solution. Problems which had faced mankind for 
generations unsolved, Joseph Smith could not leave 
alone. He had a zeal for learning the like of which 
is rarely known in this world of ours. He became a 
proficient conversationalist of a multitude of sub^- 

I suppose we could name on the fingers of our 
two hands all the books ever published in the United 
States of America that have continued to live and 
increase in circulation over the years — books that 
we term "living books." Of those ten living books 
three of them are attributed to this man, Joseph 
Smith. Next to the Holy Bible, the book that is 
most published and circulated in the world is the 
Book of Mormon. Certainly the time will come 
when no person in collegiate life will consider 
himself educated if he is unfamiliar with 
the great living books attributed to 
the Prophet Joseph Smith. 

3. Faith in God. 

He had, over and 
above his zeal 
for learning a 

f>~^^ : -':y^:.*:^. 

third great characteristic. He had faith in God. 
There have been great scholars. There have been 
people who have delved into the mysteries of the 
universe so far as the mind would enable them to 
go: Plato, Aristotle, Demosthenes, Francis Bacon — 
oh, a multitude of intelligent minds eager to learn — 
but on many of the most important problems they 
failed because they could not find among their con- 
temporaries or in the exercise of reason the answer 
to their problems. When the Prophet Joseph Smith 
could not find answers among his contemporaries 
or in the writings of the learned, he went on his 
knees in prayer to God and prayed with such faith 
that he opened the heavens and received answer 
after answer to problems that have bothered the 
philosophers through the ages. His faith is most 
remarkable, from the time he went into the woods 
as a boy to pray until the time of his martyrdom. 

I often think that, among all the acts of faith 
on his part, this was greatest: when he prayed to 
the Lord to reveal to him the original writings of a 
man dead for thousands of years and whose writings 
had been lost for a long, long time. In studying 
the Holy Bible he found, in the book of Genesis, 
many problems. To give you one of the sim- 
ple ones: The Bible speaks of Adam and 
Eve having sons — Cain, Abel, and 
Seth. Cain killed Abel, leaving 
only Cain and Seth to perpetuate the 
human race. There is no men- 
tion of daughters. 

I do not know how many millions of 
people have read those passages and were 
puzzled by them, but did not have the 
faith to go to God to solve them. 
The Prophet knew something was 
wrong. There was no answer 
among men. He prayed to the 
Lord to reveal to him what 
Moses originally wrote, con- 
vinced that part of the ac- 
count was lacking. To me 
that is the greatest act of faith 
in his life. It is one thing to 
translate an ancient docu- 
ment by the power and gift of 
God, quite another to pray 
for the contents of a long- 
lost document. 

Well, you know the 
answers. Scores of times, 
(Continued on page 382.) 

mm , 



LEADERSHIP FOR THE LORD'S PURPOSES (Continued from page 381.) 

baffled by the incompleteness of the Holy Bible, he 
prayed to the Lord that he might know the correct 
text and corrected the Bible and offered his correc- 
tions as a challenge to the whole world of Biblical 
scholarship. In all the years that have elapsed since 
the Prophet Joseph lived, none of his ideas has 
been proven false, none of his corrections in the Holy 
Scriptures has been proven false. They have not 
all been confirmed, but none has fallen by the way- 

4. The Power of Introspection. 

The Prophet Joseph had a fourth great charac- 
teristic that fitted him for leadership. I am going 
to call it the power of introspection, the power to 
look within oneself and appraise what he sees. I 
think perhaps all of us take a last look in the mirror 
before we leave our homes, and we probably look 
more presentable because we do. I think perhaps 
we make better appearances because of mirrors that 
allow us to see a reflection of the outer shell of our- 
selves. But it is rather a rare person who can look 
within himself, though all of us, I think, would like 
sometimes to withdraw from ourselves, meet our- 
selves on the street, see what we look like, hear 
what we talk about, even though it might be em- 

The Prophet Joseph had the rare quality of look- 
ing within himself. In translating the Book of Mor- 
mon from the gold plates into the English tongue, 
he came to the realization that he did not know the 
English language well, In the first edition of the 
Book of Mormon there were about 2,000 grammatical 
errors — about the same number that college stu- 
dents make in an equally large essay. Nevertheless, 
he was not content. When later editions were 
printed, grammatical corrections were made by the 
Prophet Joseph. 

If you want to see the literary heights to which a 
man can climb who realizes his own weaknesses, who 
sees within himself and wants to correct what he 
sees, read sections 121, 122, and 123 of the Doctrine 
and Covenants, in which we see beauty of expression 
rise to a height perhaps only equalled in American 
prose by the Gettysburg Address. 

The Prophet saw weaknesses in his own charac- 
ter. As you read the Doctrine and Covenants you 
will find repeatedly verses which condemn the 
Prophet Joseph, the Lord's condemnation because 
he was following after the persuasions of men, and 
calling him to repent lest the Lord choose another. 
A lesser man would have left these out. No one 
needed to know that the Lord had upbraided him. 
I think perhaps the only person who can afford to 

tell his faults is the person who has first overcome 
them. But these faults were overcome. 

No wonder he said, "I was a rough stone until 
the Lord took me in hand." Indeed he was. He was 
a far different man in June of 1844 than he was 
when the Church was organized in 1830. He had 
literally raised himself to greatness. Always aware 
of his weaknesses, he frequently admonished the 
people, "A prophet is not always a prophet, but only 
when he is moved upon by the Holy Ghost. At 
other times he is as other men, subject to their 
weaknesses and mistakes." Oh, if we could keep the 
same perspective of ourselves as he seemed to have 
kept of himself as he marched through life as a 
prophet of the living God! This power of introspec- 
tion, what priceless power! 

5. Love for Mankind. 

He had, over and above this, a fifth great quality 
without which no person can become great or useful 
in God's kingdom. He had a love of people that is 
rarely found among men, and his love was returned 
by those in the Church. I think, for example, of 
the great story of Stephen Markham, who joined 
the Church in the East, sold his property, and came 
out to Nauvoo with a bag of gold. He listened to 
the Prophet admonish the people that the Lord 
wanted them to complete the Nauvoo Temple and 
urge the people to give of their means, that the tem- 
ple might be built. At the close of the meeting 
Stephen Markham came forward and put the little 
bag of gold upon the rostrum: "Use this for the 

He started again from scratch and, with the aid 
of his neighbors, built himself a fine home in Nauvoo. 
Two years later he heard that the Prophet Joseph 
was in debt. He [Joseph] was running a store. 
There were no funds to support the Presidency of 
the Church. The members of the Church were tak- 
ing advantage of him. They were getting goods on 
credit and not paying their debts, knowing the 
Prophet would hardly sue them. Hearing this ac- 
count, Stephen Markham sold his home, moved his 
family into a tent, and came and laid the proceeds 
in the Prophet's hands, saying, "Pay off your debts. 
We need you as a prophet of the Church." 

Yes, people returned his love. Emma says of 
him that he so loved people that he could never eat 
alone, even if he had to call in a stranger off the 

A year before his martyrdom, a Missouri sheriff 
by the name of Reynolds had come into the state of 
Illinois, secured a writ of extradition, and, with a 
Constable Wilson, from Carthage, had found that 

(Concluded on page 387.) 




by Delmar H. Dickson 

The Fisherman's Prayer 

/ pray that I may live to fish 

Until my dying day. 
And when it comes to my last cast 

I then most humbly pray; 
When in the Lord's great landing net 

And peacefully asleep 
That in His mercy I'll be judged 

Big enough to keep. 

A fisherman can measure his catch and throw 
the little ones back, but when is a man judged big 
enough to keep? 

Is he big enough when he is recognized in the 
community, the state, or the nation? Is he big 
enough when he owns a business or becomes a poli- 
tician? Is he big enough when he has money, power, 
and prestige? Is he big enough when he is a hero 
on the team or the platform? Do his talents in art, 
music, and literature make him big enough? 

I posed this question, "When is a man judged 
big enough to keep?" to a college professor; and he 
replied: "I'm not sure, but I look for some surprises 
and some disappointments in heaven." 

His answer drew me back to an experience on 
our welfare farm. Men from all over the stake had 
been invited to work at the farm, and the stake 
president, the first to arrive, kept looking over the 
group to see who had come. 

When they were all there — those that were com- 
ing — he said, "This reminds me of heaven." 

To the question, "How does the workday at 
the welfare farm remind you of heaven?" he an- 
swered, "Well, there are a lot of men here I didn't 
think would come; and there are a lot of men I 
thought would come who haven't made it." 

Yes, there will be surprises; there will be dis- 
appointments in heaven — there will be men who are 
not big enough to keep. 

Latter-day Saints need not wonder what will 
make them grow. Jesus told everyone; He set the 
example. When He said, "Follow me," He promised 
growth if people would accept and live the Gospel; 
He promised growth if they would serve God and 
their fellowmen. 

The Saviour said, "Not every one that saith 
unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom 
of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father 
which is in heaven." (Matthew 7:21.) 

President David O. McKay tells us, ". . . Gaining 
knowledge is one thing and applying it, quite an- 
other." 1 

James counseled: ". . . Be ye doers of the word, 
and not hearers only . . ." (James 1:22.) 

When the late President Henry D. Moyle ac- 
cepted the apostleship in 1947, he said: "It goes 
without saying that we do in this Church what we 
are told. I have never understood that it was my 
privilege as a member of this Church, holding the 
priesthood, to say no. I have never had a desire 
in my heart to do anything other than that which 
the brethren direct." 2 

Yes, we must learn the Gospel, and we must live 
it. We must put belief into behavior. We must put 
words into work clothes. 

If we really do the things the Saviour has told 
us to do, if we accept the assignments made by our 
ward, stake, and the General Authorities, we will 
grow and grow and grow. We will become bigger 
and bigger and bigger; and then at last when we 
are in the Lord's great landing net and peacefully 
asleep ... in His mercy we will be judged "big 
enough to keep." 

(For Course 6, lesson of December 27, "What It Means To Be a 
Latter-day Saint"; and of general interest.) 

iDavid O. McKay, Gospel Ideals, Deseret News Press, Salt Lake 
City, Utah, 1953; page 440. 

^Annual Conference Report of The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints, April 4, 5, 6, 1947, page 148. 
Library File Reference : Gospel living. 



And now, because of the covenant which ye have made ye 

shall be called the children of Christ, his sons, and his 

daughters; for behold, this day he hath spiritually begotten you; 

for ye say that your hearts are changed through faith on 

his name; therefore, ye are born of him and have 

become his sons and his daughters. 

— Mosiah 5 : 7. 


Commit Thy Way Unto Him 


Editor's Note: Quotations in this article are taken from 
the unpublished manuscript of Ezra J. Poulsen's Far Hori- 
zons, the life story of Carl Frederick Buehner and his wife, 
Anna Bertha Geigle Buehner, of Stuttgart, Germany, who 
accepted the Gospel in their native land and immigrated 
to America, arriving in Utah, May 10, 1901. Appreciation 
is expressed to John Buehner for his assistance in gather- 
ing material for this article. 

If the Latter-day Saint family is to become the 
eternal family unit which is "born of him" and "be- 
come his sons and his daughters," it must realize the 
total commitment in its daily habits of work and 
play. It must continue in the spirit of dedication 
which typified the pioneer immigrant family, which 

"We must never forget why we came to this 
country. We came for the Gospel. That is our first 
responsibility — to live the Gospel and to teach it to 
our children." 

Those were the words spoken by Carl Frederick 
Buehner to his wife, Anna Bertha, as they gazed at 
the spires of the great Salt Lake Temple on the 
first morning after their arrival from Stuttgart, Ger- 
many, in 1901. 

"You are right, Carl," his wife agreed. "We must 
go to the temple ourselves and be sealed as a family 
unit. And our children will one day go out and 
preach the Gospel." 

"Some of them to Wurtemberg," suggested Carl, 
catching the spirit of prophecy. "And who knows but 
some of our family will be great in the cause of the 
Lord." In later years five of Carl's sons were to fill 
missions (four of them to Germany), and one, Carl 
W. Buehner, rose to the high position of second 
counselor in the Presiding Bishopric of the Church. 1 
One of the sons, John Buehner, served as first presi- 
dent of the South German Mission, with headquar- 
ters in Stuttgart, Germany. 

On the day prior to the above conversation, after 
enduring a chair-car train ride of three days and 
three nights from New York, having only a few cents 
left in their pockets, unable to speak English, and 
knowing they had no friends nor relatives to meet 
them when they arrived in Salt Lake City, Carl and 

(For Course 24, lesson of December 27, "The Personal Commit- 
ment"; for Course 28, lesson of December 13, "Practical Religion — 
Spirituality"; and of general interest.) 

1 Brother Carl Buehner is now second assistant in the General 
Superintend ency of the YMMIA. 

by Burl Shephard 

Anna Bertha Buehner and two infant children had 
transplanted themselves to Zion from far-off Ger- 
many. But a watchful Providence sent another Ger- 
man family to take them in, and after a night's rest 
the convert couple took a long walk through the city 
streets. Staring breathlessly at the temple, they 
vowed not to forget why they had given up their 
home in Stuttgart, Germany, for a hard, toil-filled 
life halfway across the world. 

As the years went by, eight more children were 
born to the Buehners in Salt Lake City; and while 
life in America afforded freedom to pursue any 
course of activity they chose, complete dedication to 
the program of the Church continued to be the most 
important phase of their lives. 

One son recalls that in Forest Dale Ward where 
they were brought up, many factors contributed to 
the depth of religious conviction which the family 
developed together — stalwart families, capable peo- 
ple, a wonderful bishop (Elias S. Woodruff), and the 
influx of many new converts, successfully integrated 
in a peaceful atmosphere amongst understanding, 
compassionate Saints. 

"I can tell you my experience when I first came 
to Utah," relates Father Buehner. "At first I 
thought I'd never learn the language. But I prayed 
and studied. Then, one day in fast meeting I found 
I could understand practically everything I heard. 
I was delighted. I thought I was very smart. When 
the meeting was over, I said to one of my friends, 
'English is a very easy language. I understood every- 
thing today.' Imagine how I felt when I went to 
meeting the next Sunday and discovered I couldn't 
make out a thing that was said. Then I saw what 
had happened. The Lord had blessed me with the 
gift of understanding, and I had taken all the honor 
to myself. I was smart; I said English was easy. 
That was one of the best lessons I ever learned. I 
had to humble' myself again and ask the Lord to 
forgive me. Then I began once more to understand." 

There were many other faith-promoting experi- 
ences in the lives of this family, such as are evident 
in the lives of all those who wholly dedicate them- 
selves to the Gospel — these are the strengthening 
influences of the Spirit, the rewards of faith. 



One such unusual incident occurred on the fast 
day prior to a son's departure for the mission field. 
"Sister Ida Morris spoke in tongues. Her message, 
interpreted by Sister Taylor, was directed to the 
Buehner family. The Lord is well pleased with 
Brother and Sister Buehner/ the Spirit said through 
her, 'for their faithfulness in sending their sons on 
missions; and He will continue to bless them, if 
they do their part, that each one of their boys will 
have this opportunity/ " 

On fast days Carl usually arose to speak. The 
biographer says: "He was profoundly convincing 
when he bore his testimony, and there was never a 
moment when he failed to have the complete atten- 
tion of everyone present, though as his strong voice 
filled the room, and his German accent became no- 
ticeable in the fervor of his speech, his Americanized 
children might gaze down at the floor, a trifle un- 
comfortable at the liberties he took with the lan- 
guage which had become native to them." 

In such an environment of exemplary parent- 
hood and wonderful associates, the children grew up 
to voice deep convictions. Such terms as "commit- 
ment," "goal-oriented," or "planned economy" were 
unknown to Carl Buehner, the German laborer. "But 
in a backward glance," says his son, John Buehner, 
"it is easy to identify the thread of the Gospel in 
the lives of the Buehner children, with all its objec- 
tives and accompanying blessings. 

"Instilled in each child was a desire to achieve 
dignity through industry and craftsmanship. Though 

Newlyweds Carl and Bertha Buehner occupied third-floor ► 
apartment in this house in Stuttgart, Germany, in 1896. 


-« Carl and Bertha Buehner with their first two children, 
Carl (standing) and Otto, just before emigrating, 1901. 

not expressed in these exact words, the idea im- 
planted in us was that much of the competition in 
life can be eliminated if one picks a tough job and 
excels in. it." In Germany, Father Buehner recalled, 
the most enduring fortunes, the finest craftsman- 
ship, were passed down from father to son. This 
Was a natural law of life in a Well-ordered society. 
Thus, the cement business became an industry that 
has continued in the family to the present time. The 
biographer continues: 

"Carl supervised his men, working on the job 
which seemed to be most in need of his attention at 
a given time. He joked, laughed, worked hard, 
worked his men hard; and saw his dreams material- 
ize. His enterprises Were not such as attract weak- 
lings; but strong, worthy men considered it a priv- 
ilege to be in his employ." In like manner, the qual- 
ity of the services of the Buehners in the Church 
was recognized, too. 

The children benefitted by the good example of 
their parents: 

"We learned that Gospel living was not to be 
interpreted as a strictly Sunday religion of attending 
meetings, going on missions, and so forth," said 
John. "The full commitment must mean everyday 
conduct, how we treat our fellowmen in business, the 
conduct of our home life, civic responsibilities; in 
other words, it means the whole life. In the words 
of Micah: 'He hath shewed thee, man, what is 
good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but 
to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly 
with thy God?' " (Micah 6:8.) Four of the Buehner 
boys— Carl, John, Phil, and Clarence — served con- 


One of the first homes occupied by the Buehners after their 
migration from Germany to Salt Lake City. Left to right: 
Father Carl. Anna Bertha. Adolph, Walter, Carl, and Otto. 

Family home built by Father Carl for his family in 1907-8 
stands at 2292 Lake Street, Salt Lake City. Built of 
cement blocks, it advertised well Carl's new business. 

currently as bishops, with Paul at the same time a 
high councilman. Bertha (Lambert) is in her stake 
Relief Society presidency. 

The Buehner family was a closely knit unit. 
Seldom was anyone away from the fireside. During 
warm, summer days, the boys old enough to work 
helped in the shop to make cast stone and other 
cement products, while the girls assisted their moth- 
er with the vast amount of housework necessary in 
caring for a family of twelve people. The family 
fare was simple but abundant and good. And on 
summer evenings, after supper, the real fun of the 
day began when friends and family gathered on the 
spacious front lawn to engage in gymnastics and 
games. In cooler weather the family went indoors 
for wholesome entertainment which kept them at- 
tracted to the home and away from undesirable in- 

Another young German immigrant, Herman Stulz, 
who made his home with the Buehners, said of them: 
"From that night when I first met Brother and 
Sister Buehner, I found not only a father and moth- 
er, but a real home where peace and happiness dwelt. 
I was like one of the family. I have never lived in 
a family, not even my own, where the children got 
along so well without quarreling, and where there 
was such love and unity." 

On long winter evenings Mother and Father 
Buehner told and retold the interesting stories of 
their earlier life in far-off Germany. Proudly they 

The surviving sons and daughters and their partners 
shared a family dinner at Paul's house in 1962. Left to 
right couples are: Carl and Lucile Buehner, Paul and 
Irene Buehner, Phil and Marjorie Buehner, John and 
Verda Buehner, Cannon and Bertha Buehner Lambert, 
Clarence and Kay Buehner. Robert and Helen B. Woods. 



talked of their country and its culture, of their in- 
terest in German music and the opera, and of their 
teachings in economy and a good home life. The 
children held their parents as master storytellers, 
realizing later that they had gained from them a 
great awareness of the historical, political, economic, 
and social background of Germany. 

But important as these things had been in shap- 
ing the lives and destiny of Carl Buehner and his 
loved ones, the focal point of interest for them was 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 
in their new homeland. They passed on to their 
children the conviction that complete dedication to 
the Church was a program for successful living. They 
believed, as one modern writer has aptly said, 1 that 
every man is endowed with an automatic success 
system; and if the right information goes in, as with 

iSee Maxwell Maltz, Psycho-Cybernetics; Prentice-Hall, Inc., 
Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1960. 

a computor, the right results come out. ". . . The 
kingdom of God is within you." (Luke 17:21.) Suc- 
cess accompanies right living. 

This does not bypass the long years of toil, not 
unmarked by adversity, that filled the lives of these 
pioneers. But it does suggest that to those who 
prove faithful, the Light of Truth will give the in- 
spiration and the tools necessary for eventual suc- 
cess. Brother and Sister Carl Frederick Buehner 
both died in 1935, but if they were here today they 
would not count as their greatest treasure the finan- 
cial independence which they gained. The real 
wealth which makes all their sacrifices worthwhile is 
that of a large and noble posterity of nearly one 
hundred souls — all active Latter-day Saints. 

How fortunate is the family where loyal and ded- 
icated parents have exemplified this principle of 
total commitment to the cause of Christ! 

Library File Reference: Gospel living. 

LEADERSHIP FOR THE LORD'S PURPOSES (Concluded from page 382.) 

the Prophet was visiting his wife's relatives some 
twenty miles out of Nauvoo. They went to that 
place. They pretended they were missionaries and 
called him out of the house. They seized him, 
abused him, beat him with their pistol butts until 
he was black and blue. They refused to let his wife 
see him. They put him on a horse and rushed him 
toward the Missouri border to get him out of the 
state of Illinois. Some of his friends intercepted them 
by the way and got a writ from a local judge accus- 
ing them of abusing their prisoner. Further, the 
Nauvoo Legion was raised in Nauvoo and came out 
to the rescue. Here was a strange procession: the 
Prophet a prisoner of the sheriff, the sheriff a pris- 
oner of a local sheriff. They went into Nauvoo 
where the Prophet was tried and released. 

Then came an unusual act. He invited Sheriffs 
Reynolds and Wilson to his home. He had his wife, 
Emma, and himself serve them with the finest that 
could be provided. He treated them with every 
kindness and courtesy, until one who was there on 
that occasion said, "His treatment of these men, 
who had been so brutal to him, would have melted 
the heart of an arch criminal." 

Certainly we shall never forget the fateful story 
of June, 1844. The Lord had informed him or in- 
spired him to know that if he fell into the hands of 
the law at Carthage, he would be killed. Obedient 
to the revelation, he prepared to flee to the West 
and find a home for the Saints in the valleys of the 
mountains. He crossed the Mississippi to the Iowa 

side. The horses were ready; they were packed. But 
before the party could get underway, a messenger 
came across the river from his wife, Emma: "The 
people in Nauvoo are saying that you are running 
away. They say you are a coward, that you are 
leaving them to their fate." 

He turned to his brother, Hyrum, and said, "If 
my life is of no value to my friends, it is of no value 
to me. We are going back." As he rode from the 
city of Nauvoo toward Carthage, which was to be 
the place of his martyrdom, he stopped at a little 
rise and, turning back, said to those with him, "Oh, 
that I could but speak once more to my beloved 
people!" Yes, he loved people. 

Of all Americans, probably Joseph Smith has left 
us the most writings that look into the recesses of 
a man's heart. In the six great volumes that we 
sometimes refer to as The History of the Church, 
by Joseph Smith, and sometimes The Documentary 
History, we see into the inmost recesses of his mind. 
He is a great reading companion. I recommend him 
to you. 

Yes, here was an unusual man in whom were 
combined five great elements: intelligence, a zeal 
for learning, an unusual faith in God, a power of 
introspection, a love of people. In combination they 
made him a fit instrument in the hands of God to 
restore the Church in these latter days, qualities 
which, if we possess and cultivate, give us the ele- 
ments whereby we, too, may become useful. 

Library File Reference: Joseph Smith. 





^JJ^oa. ^UJ^uiyaJi^eA. 

All of us have been planning for the day when 
you depart for your big adventure away from home. 
You might think everything that needs to be said 
has been said, but it seems we get so lost in the 
mechanical details of packing our bags that we fail 
to take time to pack our heads with ideas that will 
make the journey safer and the arrival at our des- 
tination more certain. 

Before you are away from our family shelter too 
long, I would like you to think about some of the 
ways in which emotions are concerned with illness. 
Emotions keep us healthy; but emotions can make 
us ill if we fail to use them in the right way. 

You may remember that last summer at the 
lake when your younger brother was asked about a 
boat he had just made, he said, "It is a strong boat; 
but it isn't very good because it doesn't have a rud- 
der." The same can be said for our intellects. No 
matter how strong they may be, unless they have 
the guiding control of wholesome emotions, we can 
drift, albeit brilliantly, from one fruitless experience 
to another. 

(For Course 16, lesson of December 13, "Church Program for 
Material Needs of Its Members"; for Course 24, lesson of December 
6, "Joy Comes through Obedience"; and of general interest.) 

I was recently talking with a friend who is an 
internist about a patient whose emotions appeared to 
be disturbing her physical well-being. He recounted 
that several years ago, soon after this woman had 
married, she felt a sense of frustration in expressing 
her feelings about certain things to her new husband. 
This blocking of emotional outlet seemed to be re- 
lated to her having to be rushed to the hospital in 
asthmatic attacks again and again, gasping and 
fighting for breath, appearing deeply cyanotic, and, 
in short, frightening herself, her family, and her 
physician. When he helped her to see that feelings 
about persons and things are quite normal, and that 
expressing these feelings in a wholesome way was a 
healthy thing to do, those frightening attacks of 
asthmatic breathing stopped and have never re- 

Not all pent-up emotions result in such a dra- 
matic display of physical symptoms, but just as 
surely our physical health may be disturbed by even 
simpler mechanisms such as permitting ourselves to 
remain chronically fatigued from insufficient sleep. 
Or we may be too much "under pressure" to eat 
properly, and thus we lose weight and appear old 
before our time. On the other hand, under pressure 
of unresolved emotional conflicts, we may find our- 
selves, as the old quip puts it, "overeating in the 



dorm," and thus overburden our physical structures, 
our heart mechanisms, and all our body functions 
with accumulated poundage. 

We have also talked about how most people get 
into difficulty with things like alcohol, first in an 
effort to "show somebody" how emotionally ade- 
quate they are or how independent they are. Then 
later, step by step, the tranquilizing influence of al- 
cohol comes to be relied upon to ease normal day- 
to-day hurts and feelings of uneasiness that we 
should expect to be part of our lives. Much the 
same can be said for the use of stimulants, which 
so often begins because we lack the emotionally- 
based discipline to get proper rest, or to plan our 
study hours well enough in advance that we may feel 
competent of doing our jobs adequately. From all 
you know about the harmful effects of smoking, you 
realize, too, that emotional pressures will be about 
the only thing that can influence you to take on 
such risks of later ill health. 

Since you have flown with me to make some of 
my visits in out-of-state hospitals, you know that 
almost weekly I come in contact with those whose 
emotional problems have pushed them beyond the 
breaking point into the world of unreality. A pa- 
tient can feel so overwhelmed that he reacts with 
whole systems of delusions and ideas of being "put 
upon" by the world and its circumstances. Or he 
may harbor such feelings of unworthiness and self- 
depreciation that suicide seems the only reasonable 
way out. Just a few days ago I had occasion to 
examine a young lady who was emotionally unsure 
of herself and who had tried to compensate by be- 
ing too free with the men she encountered. She 
finally married first one and then a second tramp, 
men with no more firm emotional relationships than 
she had. After a week of incessant quarreling with 
the second husband, she felt so hopeless that she 
took a large dose of sleeping tablets and nearly died. 
However, the end result was that she became partly 
paralyzed and her brain was seriously damaged. 
Now she is having to start over again learning to 
speak and think as a child — rather a high price to 
pay for letting emotions get out of control. 

Of course, when emotions have been poorly man- 
aged and bring us to the brink of disaster, there are 
modern-day medications and trained people to help 
restore balance; but I think you will agree preven- 
tion is better than cure. 

You will say this started out to be a few words 
about emotions and illness. So far it seems I have 
just catalogued how emotions can keep us from wise 

use of our intellectual powers; how, if poorly guided, 
they can result in physical harm to the body; and 
finally, how our emotions are part of serious mental 

You are entitled to ask the question, "What can 
be done to avoid such things?" 

Actually, it would be one-sided to picture only 
the illness that emotions can bring about, because 
our emotions are really what keep us healthy and 
functioning vigorously in life's callings. It is only 
when the unhealthy emotions of anger, fear, jeal- 
ousy, and excessive anxiety take over that we are in 
trouble. The healthy emotions, including reasonable 
amounts of anxiety that keep us on our toes, can be 
the stuff that great men and women are made of. 
The more modern science learns, the more the old 
principles of gaining knowledge, commitments to 
goals and ideals and persons outside of ourselves, 
and an understanding of the people around us come 
into focus as a basis for a rich, successful, and 
healthy life. 

Not the least of the things that may save us is 
gaining the firm hope or faith or conviction of the 
worthiness of what we are committed to do. I be- 
lieve you will recall we have talked about the Korean 
War prisoners and how the ones who had faith and 
hope for the future were able to survive the inhuman 
treatment accorded them; whereas those who had 
no faith nor hope for the future died in large num- 
bers from the same prison-camp hardships. You 
have been privileged to hear the Gospel, which is 
the great plan of development restored to us in 
modern times, helping us understand better the 
Master's message of love for fellowman. It is this 
firm grip on the realities of our past and future 
that helps us to commit ourselves to lives of service, 
of dedication, and of love in its highest and purest 

It is with these guides that we can steer our course 
through the shoals of emotional uncertainties to the 
safe harbor of emotional maturity. Or, as your 
brother would say, "Your life's boat will be a good 
one because it will have a rudder." 

May the Lord bless and guide you. 

With love, 


P.S. Remember, the latch string will always be 
out at home. 

Library File Reference: Emotions. 



A Family's Plan for 
Celestial Happiness 

Editor's Note: It is felt that the suggestions discussed 
in this article could be adapted and taught by teachers in 
Junior Sunday School classes. 

We have been told by the Lord that the gateway 
to the celestial kingdom of God is baptism. After 
we have entered this gate (or been baptized), we 
must continue to be valiant in the testimony of 
Jesus and keep His commandments, that we may be 
washed and cleansed from all our sins. If we do 
these things, we will gain admittance to the celestial 
kingdom of glory. We have also been told: 

In the celestial glory there are three heavens or 
degrees; and in order to obtain the highest, a man 
must enter into this order of the priesthood [mean- 
ing the new and everlasting covenant of marriage] ." 
(Doctrine and Covenants 131:1, 2.) 

Thus, as baptism is the gateway to the celestial 
kingdom, celestial marriage is the gateway to exal- 
tation in the highest degree of the celestial king- 
dom; and only there will the family unit continue 
as husband, wife, and children. This differs from 
the lower degrees of the celestial kingdom, in that 
a person cannot enter into exaltation alone. Only 
the family unit will be permitted to enjoy the high- 
est degree of glory in the celestial kingdom. 

Many of us have applied for entrance into the 
highest degree of the celestial kingdom by entering 
into the new and everlasting covenant of marriage. 
Now, what is the process that will ensure our getting 
there? It is the process of perfecting the family unit. 

In every family where there is more than one 
child, there is a certain amount of sibling rivalry. 
This at times becomes a major problem in families. 
I think rivalry can add to disharmony to the de- 
gree that the spirit of the Lord cannot remain in 
the home. In many homes, too often this problem 
is not regarded as being of any consequence, and 
it is felt that for children to argue and quarrel is a 
natural thing. We let it go at that. 

However, King Benjamin tells us: 

And ye will not suffer your children that they 
go hungry, or naked; neither will ye suffer that they 
transgress the laws of God, and fight and quarrel one 
with another, and serve the devil, who is the master 

(For teachers of Junior Sunday School; for Course 24, lesson 
of December 13, "Priorities and Emphases"; and of general interest.) 

by J Ballard Washburn* 

of sin, or who is the evil spirit which hath been 
spoken of by our fathers, he being an enemy to all 
righteousness. But ye will teach them to walk in the 
ways of truth and soberness; ye will teach them to 
love one another, and to serve one another." (Mo- 
siah 4:14, 15.) 

From this scripture we learn that we cannot let 
our homes become places of contention. We can- 
not let them become seedbeds of quarreling and 

Alma tells us that the spirit which possesses a 
body when it leaves this life will have power to 
possess it in the eternal world. ( See Alma 34:34.) 
While we realize that we will make some improve- 
ments between death and the resurrection, the 
process of perfecting the family unit is largely a task 
of this life. 

Let us now consider a few simple things which 
we have found to be of some value in our homes in 
our attempts to improve our family. 

First, we must present the facts to our children. 
Our united effort to perfect our family unit should 
be common conversation in our homes. If the 
thought is not there, the deed will never come to 
pass. If the children are aware of it and realize 
what we are striving for, they will strive much hard- 
er to live as they know they should. 

Second, we should have a positive attitude. We 
should talk about improvements and good points 
while playing down occasions when we forget to be 
kind or to speak softly. In our prayers, we should 
thank our Heavenly Father for the progress we are 
making, and we should mention specific examples in 
the family when someone has shown real improve- 
ment. When your 6-year-old boy starts saying in 
family prayers, "We are thankful that we are getting 
to be a better family," this has a great deal more 
effect in his life toward helping him become a better 
boy than for Dad to scold and reprimand. 

Third, we have found it worthwhile before the 
evening meal in our home to sing a Church hymn 
and recite a scripture together before we have fam- 
ily prayer. This helps our children learn scriptures 

*J Ballard Washburn received his B.S. from Brigham Young 
University and M.D. from University of Utah's School of Medicine. 
He has a general practice in Page, Arizona, and was recently called 
as branch president of Coppermine Indian Branch of the Southwest 
Indian Mission. He and his wife, the former Barbara Harries, are 
parents of eight children. 



that will be helpful to them on their missions as well 
as giving a few moments to devotion in the home 
each day. 

Fourth, perhaps nothing has been of more value 
than for Father to say in family prayer, "Heavenly 
Father, we thank Thee for the good mother whom 
we have in our home and for her willingness to serve 
and make our home a place of joy and peace. We 

love her and want to do our part to help make 
our family worthy of returning to Thy presence." 

By applying these suggestions we become more 
aware each day of the real purpose of our family 
unit. We also make some progress in our efforts to 
perfect our families. 

Library File Reference : Family life. 





"... Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither 
moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break 
through nor steal: For where your treasure is, there will 
your heart be also." 

-MATTHEW 6: 20, 21. 

A person who intends to build a house does well 
if he first draws a blueprint for it. The blueprint 
forces him to think through the kind of house he 
would like to have and to outline the necessary 
details that will enable a builder to construct it in 
the most efficient manner possible. 

If a blueprint is essential in building a house, 
how much more essential is it for one to think 
through the main values and goals of his life. One 
cannot afford merely to accept whatever methods 
of behavior his society prescribes for him. Such an 
individual often becomes ". . . like a wave of the 
sea driven with the wind and tossed." (James 1:6.) 

In a number of places in the scriptures the Lord 
has defined what should be the overall purpose of 
one's life. Shortly before His death the Saviour 
said: "And now come I to thee; and these things 
I speak in the world, that they might have my joy 
fulfilled in themselves." (John 17:13.) On another 
occasion He indicated the main purpose of His mis- 
sion by saying: "... I am come that they might 
have life, and that they might have it more abund- 
antly." (John 10:10.) In the Pearl of Great Price 
is found the statement: "For behold, this is my 
work and my glory — to bring to pass the immortal- 
ity and eternal life of man." (Moses 1:39.) 

Everything that the Saviour has done, including 
the teachings that He gave, the Church which He 
organized, and the atonement which He made, has 
been done that each of the children of our Heavenly 
Father might know the kind of joy which our Heav- 
enly Father, the Saviour, and the Holy Ghost know. 
If one experiences this kind of joy, he will find exal- 
tation in the kingdom of our Heavenly Father. This, 
then, will be his main treasure. But what are some 
of his specific qualities that will lead him to this 

1. He has an implicit trust and faith in the Lord. 

As David was about to go and fight Goliath, Saul 
said to him: 

(For Course 24, lessons of December 13 and 27, "Priorities and 
Emphases," and "The Personal Commitment"; for Course 28, lesson 
of December 13, "Practical Religion — Spirituality"; and of general 
interest. ) 

. . . Thou art not able to go against this Phi- 
listine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, 
and he a man of war from his youth. 

And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his 
father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, 
and took a lamb out of the flock. . . . Thy servant 
slew both the lion and the bear: and this . . . Phi- 
listine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied 
the armies of the living God. . . . The Lord that 
delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of 
the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the 
hand of this Philistine. . . . (I Samuel 17:33, 34, 36, 

We should trust our Heavenly Father because of 
His infinite intelligence. He has created worlds 
without number like the one on which we live. We 
should trust him because of His knowledge and wis- 
dom. His experience has been so vast that He knows 
the principles upon which joy and exaltation are 
based, and He lives in accordance with those prin- 
ciples. We should trust Him because He loves us. 
". . . Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither 
have entered into the heart of man, the things 
which God hath prepared for them that love him" 
(I Corinthians 2:9.) 

"Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast 
given me, be with me where I am; . . . And I have 
declared unto them thy name . . . that the love 
wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and 
I in them." (John 17:24, 26.) 

2. He makes the principles taught by the Lord 
part of his soul. 

Every specific satisfaction or joy of the kind 
intended for us by our Heavenly Father comes as a 
result of living in accordance with the principles 
upon which it is based. 

There is a law, irrevocably decreed in heaven be- 
fore the foundations of this world, upon which all 
blessings are predicated — And when we obtain any 
blessing from God, it is by obedience to that law 
upon which it is predicated. (Doctrine and Cove- 
nants 130:20, 21.) 

3. He honors the covenants he has made with 
the Lord. 

When one is baptized, he indicates that he is 




"willing to take upon . . . [himself] the name of Je- 
sus Christ, having a determination to serve him to 
the end." (Doctrine and Covenants 20:37.) When 
one receives the opportunity of holding the priest- 
hood, he realizes "that the rights of the priesthood 
are inseparably connected with the powers of heav- 
en, and that the powers of heaven cannot be con- 
trolled nor handled only upon the principles of 
righteousness." (Doctrine and Covenants 121:36.) 
When he is married in the temple, he is loyal to the 
promises he makes to the Lord. 

4. He considers his body to be the temple of 
his spirit. 

He uses wisdom in acquiring the right eating 
habits. He includes in his diet the basic elements 
such as protein, vitamins, minerals, etc., which the 
body needs to function efficiently. He gets the 
proper amount of exercise, sleep, and relaxation. He 
never takes into his body any substances which 
might harm it. 

5. He places a major emphasis upon his family. 
He is thankful for his parents and others who have 

passed on to him a rich heritage. He tries to learn 
from them, remembering that their superior experi- 
ence, knowledge, and wisdom should be useful to him 
so that he will not have to learn everything the 
hard way. 

He knows that the family, according to the 
Lord's plan, is an eternal organization. He there- 
fore prepares himself to be worthy to "be sealed by 
the Holy Spirit of Promise," or by the Holy Ghost. 
He is married by the authority of the priesthood 
in the temple "for time and all eternity." But he 
realizes that only if he lives the teachings of the 
Lord, will the Holy Ghost be "his constant com- 

He tries to rear whatever children are given to 
him and his mate in the manner that our Heavenly 
Father would have him do so. 

6. He loves all of his fellowmen who are his 
brothers and sisters. 

He has the same aim toward others as the Sav- 
iour has toward all. He tries to help them know 
the same joy that he himself knows. He is patient 
when they are impatient, kind when they are un- 
kind, just when they are unjust. 

7. He is loyal to the Church. 

It was the Saviour who organized the Church 
bearing His name. It was organized to help each 
person realize a full measure of joy and growth. The 
loyal member gives devotion to whatever calling he 
has in the Church. Every position in it is an im- 
portant one; so, therefore, he does not think of an 
office as a symbol of status. He remembers with 

Paul that "... the eye cannot say unto the hand, 
I have no need of thee. . . . Nay, much more those 
members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, 
are necessary." (I Corinthians 12:21, 22.) He treats 
others with respect even though they differ in age, 
ability, or experience. 

He remembers also that human beings tend to 
judge an organization by the behavior of its mem- 

He never rejects the Church because of the mis- 
behavior of some of its members. 

8. He is constantly maturing, intellectually, 
emotionally, socially, and spiritually. 

He makes reason one of his tools for discovering 
truth. He is capable of thinking without bias or 
prejudice. He learns to manage his emotions. He 
says and does things at the right time, and at the 
right place, to the right degree. He learns to work 
effectively with others so that each complements the 
life of the other. If e is worthy to receive the assist- 
ance of the Holy Ghost in his life. 

(Concluded on page 394.) 


I. Hymn: "The Lord Is My Shepherd." 
II. Prayer. 

III. Where Is My Treasure. 

, Let members of the family indicate what it is 

that they want most in life. It is useful for us 
to think through the goals of our lives because 
it forces us to "put first things first." 

Lej; One of the parents or one of the adults lead 
out in discussing the topic: "What are the goals 
our Heavenly Father wants us to achieve?" 

Perhaps some members of the family could 
point' ou£ some of the main temptations with 
which we are faced by "living in the world." It 
would be very helpful if the family could think 
throtigh . what one should do when faced with 
such temptations. 

Here is a typical example. Supposing a teen- 
ager has become a member of a group which 
gives him important recognition. He likes to be 
with that group and carry out various whole- 
some activities. But suppose that the group are 
not members of the Church, and one evening 
they propose smoking cigarettes. His family and 
the Church have taught him that this is wrong. 
What does he do so that he does not smoke the 
cigarettes, but is still accepted as a friend by the 
group? '-.."., 4 

The Saviour was able to solve this problem 
magnificently well. He was often among sinners 
but did not sin himself. 

Thinking through what one should do when 
confronted with major temptations can be of 
great assistance. When one is calm and not 
under stress, he is able to think more clearly. 

Another project that might prove very helpful 
is for family members to keep track of how they 
spend their time for a given period, say a week. 
Are we spending our time on the things most 
likely to bring the joy indicated by the Lord? 

IV. Let the family engage in songs or wholesome 

V. Prayer. 
VI. Refreshments. 



How Can the 
Superintendency Help 
Sunday School 

Well-taught Sunday School classes are a real 
measure of effective administration. How can the 
superintendency improve the quality of Sunday 
School teaching? The following means are suggested: 

1. Arrange to have as much of the spirit of rev- 
erence from the worship service carry over into the 
classroom as possible. A carefully planned seating 
arrangement in the chapel, such that the teacher can 
lead her class in unhurried, reverential dignity to 
an orderly, attractive classroom, and be there to 
greet each student with a smile as he enters, will 
go far toward achieving that goal. That teacher who 
has to enter a classroom of noisy, spirited youngsters 
at play already has one strike against her teaching 
performance for that day. 

2. Help the teacher to perfect a functioning class 
organization consisting of a president, two counse- 
lors, a secretary, and a librarian, with definite, spe- 
cific assignments for each. 

3. Visit the class and remain throughout the 
class period once a month, or oftener. If the teacher 
needs more help, the following things might be done: 

a. List books, maps, pictures, etc., which would 
aid the teacher in presenting the lessons. 
Then work with the librarian to see that they 
are available. 

b. Encourage the teacher to make assignments 
that will intrigue pupils into reading the man- 

ual and participating in lesson discussions. 

c. Suggest individual or group projects in which 
pupils might engage out of class, a report of 
which could be made in class at a later date. 

d. Express genuine appreciation for the good 
points in a teacher's performance; even if it 
is necessary at times to use a magnifying 
glass to find these attributes. Let him who 
is without sin cast the first stone of embar- 
rassing criticism at a teacher. 

4. Collaborate with the stake board adviser at 
the monthly ward faculty meeting to emphasize not 
only the way to prepare and present a lesson, but 
also to give concrete suggestions to stimulate pupil 
participation. By these means the pupil as well as 
the teacher may learn to know, love, and live the 

5. Get from the stake board adviser names of 
the strongest teachers in the stake and encourage 
teachers to make appointments to visit these strong 
classes, after making ample arrangement for the con- 
duct of their own. 

6. Encourage teachers to come to prayer meet- 
ing in sufficient time for an unhurried supplication 
to the Lord for help and to enjoy a rich, spiritual, 
feeling attendant upon such earnest, united prayer. 

— General Superintendent George R. Hill. 

Library File Reference: Sunday Schools — Mormon — Local Leadership. 

WHERE IS MY TREASURE? (Concluded from page 393.) 

These are some, but not all, of the specific rules 
for living that will provide the joy intended for man 
by his Heavenly Father. If a man has really tasted 
of them, if he really understands and loves them, 
they will be of great assistance to him in solving a 
problem with which all individuals who come to this 
world are faced. 

"And we will prove them herewith, to see if they 
will do all things whatsoever the Lord their God 
shall command them." (Abraham 3:25.) It was 
meant that all of us should be tested. The Lord 
wanted to see if we could do the right things for the 

right reasons. He wanted us to have integrity. The 
Saviour said: "I pray not that thou shouldest take 
them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep 
them from the evil." (John 17:15.) 

When we are tempted by the crowd or by our 
own thoughts, let us remember the great goals of 
our lives: joy of the kind known by the Lord, salva- 
tion which He provided, and exaltation in his king- 
dom. Let us remember that to have status with 
Him is the greatest status we can ever know. 

Library File Reference: Gospel living. 



Christ at Emmaus 

By F. Donald Isbell 

This day, now "far spent," is the third since the death of Jesus. (Luke 24:29.) 

The people we see in the painting are at the village of Emmaus which lies be- 
tween seven and eight miles from Jerusalem. 1 Two of the men at the table of the 
inn — the oldest of the three and the young man reaching for bread offered him — 
have seated themselves to dine with a stranger whom they invited to be with them, 
and whom they believe to have met for the first time only a little while ago. 

These two men, one named Cleopas, have been disciples — "not of the apos- 
tles" 2 — of the Master. They, with all the rest of the Master's company, suffered 
much sorrow in the passing of their beloved Lord. They have also undergone dis- 
illusionment; for they, as all the followers of Jesus, believed it was He "who should 
have redeemed Israel" (see Luke 24:21) — that is, to have conquered Judah's en- 
emies and set up the Kingdom of Heaven on earth. Besides their disillusionment, 
these disciples have heard the women who had followed the Lord tell astonishing 
things: that ". . . when they found not His body [at the sepulchre early in the 
morning of this same day], they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of 
angels, which said that He was alive." (Luke 24:23.) These disciples know that the 
words of the women seemed to the apostles "as idle tales. . . ." (Luke 24:11.) 

Confused and distressed, Cleopas and his companion decided to go to Emmaus, 
the little village near Jerusalem. On the way, ". . . they talked together of all these 
things which had happened." (Luke 24:14.) 

A stranger soon joined them on the road, taking note of their thoughts and 

And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these 
that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad? 

And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto 
him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things 
which are come to pass there in these days? 

And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Con- 
cerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word 
before God and all the people: 

And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be con- 
demned to death, and have crucified him. (Luke 24:17-20.) 

The two disciples then told the stranger of the reason for their disillusionment. 
They also explained the tales of the women and said that some who were with 
them went to the sepulchre ". . . and found it even so as the women had said: but 
Him they saw not." (Luke 24:24.) 

After telling these things to the stranger, as the three men came nearer to 
Emmaus, the stranger said to them: 

. .. . O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have 

Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his 

And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto 
them in all the scriptures the things concerning Himself. 

And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he 
made as though he would have gone further. (Luke 24:25-28.) 

For Course 14, lesson of November 1, "Some Appearances of the Risen Lord"; for Course 16, lessons of November 
29 and December 6, "The Second Coming of Christ"; and of general interest. 

1 See James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ, Desefet Book Company, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1957; page 685. 

2 James E. Talmage, ]esus the Christ, page 685. 

{Concluded on opposite back of picture.) 


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Christ at Emmaus 

THE STORY (Concluded) 

Cleopas and the brother with him beseeched the stranger to stay with them, 
inasmuch as the day was nearly gone, ". . . And he went in to tarry with them." 
(Luke 24:29.) 

As they sat at the table, the guest of honor 3 of the disciples — the stranger — 
". . . took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them." (Luke 24:30.) It is 
in the stranger's offering of bread to the two men that an unexpected thing happens: 

. . . Their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished 
out of their sight. (Luke 24:31.) 

Then they remember how their hearts burned within them while He talked 
with them by the way and while He opened to them the scriptures. 

They will rise up within the same hour and return to Jerusalem. They will 
find the Eleven gathered together, and them that are with them, and they will tell 
them of these things. (See Luke 24:31-33, 35.) 

Are the apostles to believe the story of Cleopas and his companion? 

The answer to this question is later recorded by one of the apostles themselves: 

... Neither believed they them. (Mark 16:13.) 

3 James E. Talmage, ]esus the Christ, page 686. 


The 19th Century produced some good genre painters — those who "treat sub- 
jects of everyday life realistically." 1 Karl Henrich Bloch was one of these artists. 

Born in Copenhagen in 1834, he gained his deserved place throughout Den- 
mark as an artist and professor of good repute by the time of his rather early death 
in 1890. Like others of his time and school of painting, he began studying with sub- 
jects of his own daily, contemporary life but later turned to historical and religious 
painting. By the latter he was able to reproduce powerful, important events of the 
past in such realistic scenes that those events would be remembered more truth- 
fully by men dealing with them. Significant history that had been at times clouded 
by vain imagination for centuries was reviewed and clarified by such artists as Bloch. 
Thus, the good of his field of art speaks for itself. 

Between 1866 and 1884 Bloch painted "twenty-two scenes from the life of 
Christ." Among these was Christ at Emmaus. 2 The aspects of reality in daily life 
are well apparent in this painting. We see a young waiter coming with food, an 
old woman watching from a back room with more than usual curiosity, and in the 
center of the floor food and drink prepared for travel. There is a walking stick by 
the sandaled foot of the young man seated at the near side of the table. All seems 
very real. 

In this work the most striking device used by the painter seems to be his ap- 
plication of light. Let us assume that the scene represents the precise moment in 
which the disciples seated at the table recognize "the stranger" with them as Christ. 
The day is not utterly gone yet. There is light in the inn from the light outside, and 
the outside light — noticeable through the window — is naturally brighter. Christ 
is shown with the glorious light of his resurrection clearly visible. For lesser light 
than that of the outside, applied by some natural function, there are dark, heavy 
drapes — deeply saturated in color — behind Christ. The drapes serve specifically 
as the contrast needed to communicate His light. 

It can be safely said that Bloch achieves, in his work, Christ at Emmaus, the 
"genuine dramatic effect" 3 generally attributed to his pictures. 

1 A Merriam-Webster, Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary; G. & C. Merriam Company, Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, 1953; page 346. 

2 Cyclopedia of Painters and Paintings, Volume I; Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1905; pages 166 and 167. 

3 Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, Volume I; G. Bell and Sons, Ltd., London, England, 1920; page 145. 

LIBRARY FILE REFERENCE: Jesus Christ — Appearances. 

This Was 

Our Happiest 

p®''li^f by hi arte F. Felt 

It was Christmas, and yet no Christnn 
appeared in the Toronto nome — no tree of any size, 
shape, or description. The family had traveled many 
miles in all directions to find one, but the only trees 
that they had seen were those on top of a local vari- 
ety store. Perhaps the manager would sell them 
one. They would ask. 

■ "I am sorry," he said. "We really would like to 
let you have one, but there are so many people want- 
ing trees. We could satisfy only a few, so we have 
decided to say 'No' to everyone." 

As they drove slowly home, they felt disappoint- 
ed and a little sad. A tree meant so much at this 
time of year. They wondered if Uncle Mont and 
Uncle Roy had been able to find any. They, too, 
had been hunting for trees. 

All at once Joe cried, "Look, Mom, look! There 
is a boy with a tree. Let's find out where he got it." 

Faster than one could say "Jack Robinson," 
they drove up beside the little boy. 

"Where did ypu get it? Where did you get it?" 
the children cried as they pointed to the tree. [End 
of Scene I.] 

"Down at the church," said the boy as he pointed 
to the building he had just left. "There is a great 
big one there, too. They don't know what to do 
with it. Maybe they will give it to you." 

Quickly they hurried inside to where the tree 
was. The decorations were being taken off, but the 
talk was mostly about what to do with the tree. 

"We would like to buy the tree if you will sell 
it," said Dad Toronto to the man who seemed to 
be in charge. 

"Well, bless you!" said the man. "We were just 
wondering what to do with it. If you will take it 
out of here, you may have it." 

The children were delighted. Mom and Dad were 
mighty pleased, too. Now they really would have a 
tree for Christmas. It seemed no trouble at all for 
everyone except Dad to hang onto the tree through 
the open windows of the car. It was heavy, and the 
air was very cold; but they did it. Dad drove ever 
so carefully, so as not to shake the tree from its 

(For all Christmas lessons.) 

resting place on the fender. [End of Scene II.] 

When they arrived home, the first thing tney did 
was check with Uncle Mont and Uncle Roy to see 
if they had found their trees. The answer was a 
sad, "No." 

"Come up here and see ours," the children 
begged. "It is so big that maybe it will do for all 
of us." 

Soon Uncle Mont and Uncle Roy arrived, and a 
council was quickly under way. It really was big 
enough for three, they decided, if only it could be 
divided the right way. 

"Well, since you were the ones to get it," said 
Uncle Mont, "you should have the top third." 

"Then, Uncle Mont," the children said, "you 
have the middle third, and Uncle Roy the bottom." 

When it was all agreed, the tree was sawed in 
designated places. Of course the Torontos did not 
have to do much, because theirs being the top third, 
it was well shaped. Uncle Mont rearranged and 
wired a few boughs, and his was all right. 

Not to be outdone, Uncle Roy got a broom 
stick, bored some holes in it, and then inserted 
the long low boughs from his third. Believe it or not, 
it turned out to be a really handsome tree. No one 
ever had more fun, and all three families had Christ- 
mas trees. [End of Scene III.] 

When Uncle Mont and Uncle Roy had gone home 
with their trees, there were still a few branches ly- 
ing on the floor. This whole tree was so precious to 
them that not even one branch was to be wasted. 

"I know!" said Mother Toronto. "Our neighbors, 
the Petersons, next door are having their first Christ- 
mas in America. They do not have a tree, either. 
Why not make one for them out of the branches 
that are left?" 

With vim and vigor, and with the help of Dad 
and Mother, the children started out on this new 
project of making a tree; and it was good. Not only 
was it good, but to them it was beautiful. With 
eagerness and happy hearts they trimmed it with 
ornaments just as they had done their own. They 
could hardly wait until morning to give it away. 

"One more thing," said Mother Toronto. "Their 



father has not had much work since they came here. 
I doubt very much if they will have many gifts — ■ 
maybe none. How about each one of you choosing a 
toy or book, or whatever it is that you love most, 
and giving it to them tomorrow so that Mack, Eddie, 
Judy, and Dorothy will have a happy and wonder- 
ful Christmas, too." 

Before long the five little boys and their little 
sister, Helen, had selected and wrapped two books 
(The Night Before Christmas and The Babe in the 
Manger), a lovely doll, a train, train tracks and 
railroad cars to go with it, a baseball and bat, two 
good puzzles, and a box of magic tricks. [End of 
Scene IV.] 

Next morning, even before they had opened their 
own gifts, the five little Toronto boys, with Mother, 
Father, and baby sister, Helen, made an early call 
on the neighbors next door. Each was carrying an 
attractively wrapped gift, while Dad carried the tree. 

The neighbors were so surprised and delighted 
that they clapped their hands and shouted for joy. 
The mother was so grateful that she cried, but her 
tears were tears of joy. [End of Scene V.] 

As they returned home, Wally said to his Mother, 
"Sharing is what Jesus would like us to do, isn't it, 
Mom? And we did it. I thought it was fun!" [End 
of Scene VI.] 

How To Present the Flannelboard Story: 

Characters and Props Needed for This Presentation: 

The Toronto family in their car. (ML32.) 
A young boy with a Christmas tree. (ML33.) 
The Toronto family at home with their tree, as they divide 
it with Uncle Mont and Uncle Roy. (ML34 and 35.) 

The Toronto children with a tree (ML36) and gifts 

_ (ML37a and ML37b) for their neighbors. 

The Peterson family (ML40) as they receive the gifts and 

the tree from the Torontos. (ML38 and ML39.) 
Wally, age 10, and his mother as they walk toward home. 


Order of Episodes: 

Scene I: 

Scene: A cold, snowy Christmas Eve. 

Action: The Toronto family (ML32) are seen as they 

drive along a snowy street looking for a Christmas 

tree to buy. 

Scene II: 

Scene: Same as Scene I but with a church building 
on one side of the road. 

Action: A young boy (ML33) is seen, walking along 
carrying a small tree, The Torontos (ML32) 
stop to ask him where he got it. He tells them 
that he got it from the church and that there is 
still another one there. 
Scene III: 

Scene: The large living room of the Toronto home. 

Action: The big Christmas tree given them by the 
church group is being divided with Uncle Mont 
and Uncle Roy. (ML34 and ML35.) 
Scene IV: 

Scene: Same as Scene III. 

Action: The Toronto children (ML36) build a tree for 
the Peterson family, using leftover branches of 
their tree. Some of the children are seen wrapping 
gifts to be given to the Petersons along with the 
tree next morning. (ML37a and ML37b.) 
Scene V: 

Scene: The Petersons' living room. 

Action: The Toronto family (ML38 and ML39) is seen 
presenting ! the Petersons (ML40) with the tree 
which the Torontos had made and the gifts they 
had wrapped. The Petersons are delighted. Mother 
Peterson has tears in her eyes. The children are 
excited and happy. 
Scene VI: 

Scene: An outdoor scene. 

Action: Wally is seen walking by his mother. (ML41.) 
He takes hold of her hand; and as she looks at him, 
he says, "Sharing is what Jesus would like us to 
do, isn't it, Mom? And we did it," 

Library File Reference: Christmas. 



; : . . .' ' ' ' 
<f. .'". .-JSi»iSfca a SB .;-■■ * : I Si 

Editor's Note: An imaginative tale for children, sug- 
gestive of the spirit of Christmas. Reprinted by permission. 
Copyright Guideposts Magazine, Carmel, New York, N.Y., 

The Faded, 
Blue Blanket 

by Fred Bauer 

The most frightened shepherd that night was 
little Ladius, just 10. He cowered behind his three 
older brothers when the blinding star lit the hillside. 
When the angel appeared, he hid behind a huge rock. 

Yet after Ladius heard the glad news, fear left 
him; and he limped back to his brothers who were 
planning to set out for Bethlehem. 

(For Course 2, lesson of December 13, "Love Makes Us Want 
To Share"; for Course 4, lesson of December 20, "Christmas Lesson"; 
and for Course 6, lesson of December 20, "Christmas, a Time for 
Loving and Giving.") 

"Who will tend the sheep?" asked Samuel, the 
oldest at 16. Ladius, leaning against his shepherd's 
crook to support a crippled foot, volunteered: 

"I'd only slow you down. Let me stay with the 
sheep." He bit his lower lip as he talked. The 
brothers weakly protested, then made plans to go. 

"We must each take a gift," said Samuel. One 
brother chose his flint to start a fire for the Christ 
Child. Another picked meadow lilies to make a 
garland for the King. Samuel decided on his most 
precious possession, his golden ring. 

"Here, take my blanket to Him," said Ladius. 
It was badly worn — faded with patches. 

"No, Ladius," said Samuel tenderly. "The blan- 
ket is too tattered to give even a beggar — let alone 
a King. Besides, you will need it tonight." 

The brothers departed, leaving Ladius alone by 
the fire. He laid his head upon the blanket and 
buried his face in his hands. Tears forced their way 
between his fingers, but soon the hush of night 
soothed the boy's heartbreak. The world in silent 
stillness lay. . . . 

"Are you coming, Ladius?" called a voice. Stand- 
ing nearby was the same angel who had brought the 
news. "You wanted to see the Child, didn't you?" 

"Yes," nodded Ladius, "but I must stay here." 

"My name is Gabriel," said the angel. "Your 
sheep will be watched. Take my hand — and bring 
your blanket. The Child may need it." 

Suddenly, Ladius was outside a stable. Kneeling 
by a manger were his brothers. Ladius started to 
call out, but the angel lifted a finger to his lips. 

"Give me the blanket," Gabriel whispered. The 
angel took it and quietly covered the Baby. But 
the blanket was no longer faded. Now it glistened 
like dew in the brilliance of a new day. 

Returning, Gabriel squeezed Ladius' hand. "Your 
gift was best because you gave all that you had. . . ." 

"Wake up, Ladius, wake up." The boy rubbed 
his eyes and tried to shield them from the glaring 
sun. Hovering over him was Samuel. 

"Did you find Him?" asked Ladius. 

"Yes," smiled Samuel, "but first tell me why you 
were sleeping without your blanket." 

Ladius looked about wonderingly. The faded, 
blue blanket was nowhere to be found — then or 

Library File Reference: Christmas. 




1964 Handbook Changes 

The 1964 Sunday School Hand- 
book is off the press. Except for 
chapter 12, there are few changes 
other than those of a technical 

Chapter 6 defines Course 2 as 
beng composed of children from 
Courses 1 and la who, on the first 
Sunday in January of each even 
year, are 4 or 5 years of age. 

Chapter 12, which dealt with 
enlistment work in the 1961 
handbook, now reads as follows: 


"Separate Sunday School enlist- 
ment work has been abolished. 
The enlistment work of inactive 
families is the responsibility of the 
Home Teaching program. Under 
that plan the teachers give to the 
Sunday School superintendent 
lists of those pupils who are con- 
sistently absent from Sunday 
School. The superintendent in turn 
discusses these lists with the bish- 
opric in the bishop's council. The 
home teachers take the initiative 
in seeing that these families are 
approached in the proper way. 
Sunday School teachers will be 
called upon from time to time to 
aid the home teachers in the en- 

listment work and may be asked 
to explain to the inactive mem- 
bers the functions of the Sunday 
School, the subject matter, or such 
other matters that may help the 
home teacher to interest the in- 
active member in attending Sun- 
day School. 

"On the other hand, the Sunday 
School teacher has a distinct re- 
sponsibility of keeping close con- 
tact with members of his class who 
have been attending Sunday 
School regularly. When one of 
these members is not present, the 
teacher does not ordinarily report 
his absence to the superintendent, 
but instead, makes personal in- 
quiry at the home to see whether 
he is ill or is becoming disinter- 
ested or is absent for some other 
reason. If his absence continues, 
the problem is then referred to the 
superintendent and through him to 
the bishop's council and the home 

"The close teacher-pupil rela- 
tionship so necessary to successful 
teaching is not destroyed by the 
home teaching program. It is not 
intended that all relationships be- 
tween the teacher and pupil should 
go through the home teacher. For 

instance, the Sunday School teach- 
er makes assignments directly to 
the pupil. The pupil may be asked 
to participate in a forthcoming 
lesson, to give a recitation, to do 
research, or to learn a verse of 
scripture. He may be asked to give 
a 2 ^-minute talk in class or in 
the worship service. He may be 
assigned to lead the sacrament 
gem. In each instance the teacher 
has the right to make contact in 
reference to these assignments, di- 
rectly with the pupil at his home, 
by telephone, mail, or personal 
visit. A teacher may call at the 
home of a pupil who is ill, and send 
birthday or "get-well" cards to 
members of his class. 

"Teacher-pupil relationships are 
sometimes improved by parties. 
Sunday School teachers have the 
right to hold class parties at the 
teachers' homes or at the homes 
of some of the class members. Any 
class party, however, which entails 
travel out of the ward should be 
held only with the consent of the 

— Superintendent 

David Lawrence McKay. 

The Deseret Sunday School Union 

George R. Hill, General Superintendent 

David Lawrence McKay, First Assistant General Superintendent; Lynn S. Richards, Second Assistant General Superintendent; 
Wallace F. Bennett, General Treasurer; Paul B. Tanner, Assistant General Treasurer; Richard E. Folland, General Secretary 


George R. Hill 
David L. McKay 
Lynn S. Richards 
Wallace F. Bennett 
Richard E. Folland 
Lucy G. Sperry 
Marie F. Felt 
Gerrit de Jong, Jr. 
Earl J. Glade 
A. William Lund 
Kenneth S. Bennion 
J. Holman Waters 
H. Aldous Dixon 
Leland H. Monson 
Alexander Schreiner 
Loma C. Alder 
A. Parley Bates 

William P. Miller 
Vernon J. LeeMaster 
Claribel W. Aldous 
Eva May Green 
Melba Glade 
Addie L. Swapp 
W. Lowell Castleton 
Henry Eyring 
Carl J. Christensen 
Hazel F. Young 
Florence S. Allen 
Beth Hooper 
Asahel D. Woodruff 
Frank S. Wise 
Clair W. Johnson 
Delmar H. Dickson 
Clarence Tyndall 

Wallace G. Bennett 
Addie J. Gilmore 
Camille W. Halliday 
Margaret Hopkinson 
Mima Rasband 
Edith M. Nash 
Minnie E. Anderson 
Alva H. Parry 
Bernard S. Walker 
Harold A. Dent 
Paul B. Tanner 
Catherine Bowles 
Raymond B. Holbrook 
Joseph Fielding Smith, Jr. 
Lorin F. Wheelwright 
Fred W. Schwendiman 

Lewis J. Wallace 
Clarence E. Wonnacott 
Lucy Picco 
Arthur D. Browne 
J. Roman Andrus 
Howard S. Bennion 
Herald L. Carlston 
O. Preston Robinson 
Robert F. Gwilliam 
Dale H. West 
Bertrand F. Harrison 
Willis S. Peterson 
Greldon L. Nelson 
Thomas J. Parmley 
Jane L. Hopkinson 
Oliver R. Smith 

G. Robert Ruff 
Anthony I. Bentley 
Mary W. Jensen 
John S. Boyden 
Golden L. Berrett 
Marshall T. Burton 
Edith B. Bauer 
Elmer J. Hartvigsen 
Donna D. Sorensen 
Calvin C Cook 
A. Hamer Reiser 
Robert M. Cundick 
Clarence L. Madsen 
J. Elliot Cameron 
Bertrand A. Childs 
James R. Tolman 

Richard L. Evans, Howard W. Hunter, Advisers to the General Board 



Answers to Your Questions 

Are Class Recreations Permitted? 

Q. To what extent should Sunday School class 
parties, outings, and socials be permitted? 

— South Bear River Stake. 

A. Class parties are for the purpose of bringing 
students and teacher closer together with a view to 
stimulating interest in the Sunday School class. 
They also enable the teacher to obtain a better 
understanding of the characteristics and individual 

differences of the students. Any Sunday School class 
affair held outside the ward should first receive the 
approval of the bishop. Sunday School class socials 
should not interfere with ward nor stake functions 
planned under the direction of the Young Men's 
and Young Women's Mutual Improvement Associa- 
tions. Sunday School class socials, however, are 
under the direction of the Sunday School teacher, 
superintendent, and bishop. 

— General Superintendency. 

CHRISTMAS is always. 
It was always in the heart of God. It was born 
there. Only He could have thought of it. 

Like God, Christmas is timeless and eternal, from 
everlasting to everlasting. 

It is something even more than what happened 
that night in starlit little Bethlehem; it has been 
behind the stars forever. 

There was Christmas in the heart of God before 
the world was formed. He gave Jesus to us, the 
night the angels sang, yes — but the Bible tells us 
that Jesus shared a great glory with the Father long 
before the world was made. Jesus was always, too! 

Christmas is always. It has been always. 

But we have not always understood it! 

—Dale Evans Rogers. 

From Christmas Is Always 
(Fleming H. Revell Company, publishers). 


"Happy is the man that hath his quiver full 
of [children]. . . ." (Psalms 127:5.) When 
that man becomes a grandfather, as has Elder 
Howard W. Hunter of the Council of the 
Twelve and subject of this month's cover pic- 
ture, his grandchildren 1 fill his heart to over- 
flowing. And they bring him gifts, too. Whether 
these gifts be flowers or something made by 
little hands and big hearts, they are received 
as though they were ". . . apples of gold in 
pictures of silver." (Proverbs 25:11.)) 

— Richard E. Scholle. 

(For Course 1, lesson of December 27, "Jesus Taught Us To 

Grandchildren of Elder Hunter on the cover are Kathleen 
and Anne Hunter, children of Richard A. and Nan Green 
Hunter, Berkeley Ward, Oakland-Berkeley (California) Stake. 
Library File Reference: Family Life. 

Memorized Recitations 

for Dec. 6, 1964 

Scriptures listed below should 
be recited in unison by students 
of Courses 6 and 12 during the 
Sunday School worship service of 
Dec. 6, 1964. These scriptures 
should be memorized by students 
from these respective classes dur- 
ing the months of October and 

Course 6: 

(In these two verses, Luke ex- 
plains the identity of the three 
members of the Godhead as seen 
by Stephen when he was stoned.) 

"But he, being full of the Holy 
Ghost, looked up stedfastly into 
heaven, and saw the glory of God, 

and Jesus standing on the right 
hand of God, 

"And said, Behold, I see the 
heavens opened, and the Son of 
man standing on the right hand 
of God." 

—Acts 7:55, 56. 

Course 12: 

(Paul stresses the importance of 
taking the sacrament in remem- 
brance of the Saviour.) 

". . . Take, eat: this is my body, 
which is broken for you: this do in 
remembrance of me. . . . This cup 
is the new testament in my blood: 
this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in 
remembrance of me." 

— I Corinthians 11:24, 25. 


Oct. 2, 3, and 4, 1964 

General Conference 

• • • 

Oct. 4, 1964 


Sunday School Conference 

• • • 

Dec. 20, 1964 
Christmas Worship Service 




1* ^., ^.^■■■-**-jA&..'t--.£:*»r»K -■■■r-y-y.:. . 

A member of the branch presidency or ward bishopric greets 
the new investigators or returned, inactive Church members. 

by Fred W. Schwendiman* 

Let us walk for a few minutes in the 
shoes of a newly-baptized member of 
the Church. And let us also ac- 
company one who has been con- 
verted and baptized but is now in- 

As we enter the foyer of the branch 

chapel before Sunday School, 

is it not wonderful to be greeted 

with a warm, welcome smile and a 

hand shake? Is not this a simple 

and satisfying experience? So far 

as we are concerned, with this 

welcome Sunday School is off to a 

good start. 

Many more simple and thoughtful acts and ges- 
tures on the part of leaders and members all add 
up to a tremendous result. All of them do not 
take place at the chapel. Many of them were at 
work, or should have been, long before Sunday 
morning. Some will be applied and become effective 
later. In fact, in the Church this is a never-ending 
process as every member fulfills his responsibility as 
a missionary. This is a missionary Church. 

The welcome atmosphere in Sunday School lifts 
us up. It rings with sincerity because it comes from 
the love and interest of dedicated leaders. This wel- 
coming process has become a priesthood responsibil- 
ity within the two areas of home teaching and mis- 
sionary work — home teaching is missionary work to 
the members, and missionary work is home teaching 
to the nonmembers. 

These two programs, represented within the 
Priesthood Executive Committee of the ward or 
branch, and implemented by the ward council, of 
which the Sunday School superintendency is a part, 
give a new and effective means of accelerating the 
integration process. 

The superintendency has been personally in- 
troduced by the branch presidency or ward bishopric 

*President of the New Zealand South Mission. 




Editor's Note: This teacher improvement lesson is part 
of a series which relates to the 1964 Sunday School Confer- 
ence theme, "We'll Keep a Welcome." Sunday School Gen- 
eral Board members are visiting stakes and missions during 
the 1964 Quarterly Conferences to give further instructions 
about this theme. All stake board advisers and mission 

supervisors are urged to keep these articles for future ref- 
erence. Ward and branch officers and teachers in the Sun- 
day School are requested to study and apply the principles 
presented in this series. Thus, a Church-wide effort to 
keep a welcome will be presented through all Sunday 
Schools during the 1964-65 year. 


to the new investigator and also to the inactive 
member. Next, the superintendency introduces the 
teacher of the proper group, and the teacher and 
class officers take up their responsibilities. This 
personal interest develops an easy and natural wel- 
come atmosphere in the classroom. 

The spiritual and welcome atmosphere of the 
worship service has already partly absorbed the new- 
comer. Services that start on time, evidence of care- 
ful preparation in music and talks, deportment, rev- 
erence, well-arranged seating, officers and teachers 
in their places — all these combine to invite the 
presence of the Spirit of the Lord. 

Teachers understand that it is the Sunday 
School's responsibility to teach the Gospel to all 
ages. Class members are encouraged to express 
themselves, and an informal manner puts them at 
ease. The teacher knows he is a member of the 
faculty of a marvelous and unusual institution of 
learning. He knows he is in his position by proper 
authority. His testimony is unwavering. He is sure 
of his ground, yet humble, considerate, and under- 
standing. He teaches with the accompaniment of 
the Holy Ghost; all class members feel this, respect 
him, and love him. They grow to feel that they are 
a part of the Sunday School and that they belong 
and are wanted. This is genuine fellowshiping. 

The teacher knows the advantages of close co- 
operation with the fellowshiping coordinator of the 
investigators and new members, and also with the 
Home Teacher who is responsible for the progress of 
inactive members. This is a most valuable link in 
orienting and integrating. 

The superintendency is anxious that everyone be 
greeted personally, warmly and that names are re- 
membered. At the beginning of Sunday School a 
brief announcement should be made regarding 
classes for the benefit of newcomers and visitors in 
the congregation who have not been introduced to 
their class instructors. They may meet one of the 
superintendency in the foyer at time of separation 
from the worship service to receive directions to 
their classes and to be introduced there. Before the 
class time is over a sincere invitation is given to all 

to return next Sunday. Small and easy assignments 
are given to new members when they are ready for 
them. With a pleasant follow-up, interest is created. 

The teacher takes time for occasional private 
chats with members of his class. He explains to the 
new ones the organization of the Sunday School and 
the plan and purpose of the worship service. When 
people are so informed, they feel closer to the pro- 
gram; and they actually become a part of it. They 
become interested to the extent of wanting to tell 

Well, we have come to know that to orient a con- 
vert or to reactivate a member is purely and simply 
a personal matter. No mechanical device can do it. 
We cannot truly live without friends. We all need 
someone who warns us against evil, who helps us 
when we err, who inspires us with ideals, who lifts 
us up when we are discouraged, and who never loses 
faith in us. This is especially true of new converts 
and inactive members. Joining the Church mean/s a 
complete change in their way of life, with new 
friends and associations. 

It is our responsibility and opportunity to extend 
to them the hand of fellowship. With all of the Sun- 
day School cooperating in this program, sometimes 
only a little effort is required on the part of a mem- 
ber in a Sunday School class to personally accom- 
plish the orientation of a new friend. 

Elder Mark E. Petersen, of the Council of the 
Twelve, has said: 

I have often thought that instruction in the Gos- 
pel without fellowship in the Church is as incom- 
plete as baptism without confirmation. It is utter 
folly for us to avoid or ignore the responsibility we 
have of properly fellowshiping those who are brought 
into the Church. — (Instructions to Mission Presi- 
dents. ) 

The secret of how to fellowship and orient a con- 
vert or an inactive member in the Church is pre- 
scribed by the Saviour himself: 

Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that 
men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for 
this is the law and the prophets. (Matthew 7:12.) 

Library File Reference: Fellowship. 



Hymns for Christmas 

Senior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of December 

Hymn: "Hark! The Herald Angels 
Sing"; author, Charles Wesley; com- 
poser, Felix Mendelssohn; Hymns — • 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, No. 60. 

Here we have a masterpiece of 
music written by that prince of 
composers, Felix Mendelssohn. 
This music is not only superb from 
a composer's standpoint; but what 
is more important, it is inspiring 
to the singer and listener. The 
music itself encourages vigorous 

To the Chorister: 

Vigorous singing is not breath- 
less, hurried singing. Rather it is 
singing to a tempo which will be 
comfortable for everyone, so that 
no one will be even aware of such 
a thing as tempo. It sometimes 
happens that a chorister gets un- 
duly excited and wants to beat 
time faster and faster. He has a 
feeling that he gets more out of 
the singers when he is driving 
them. Well, let him calm down. 
The metronome mark here indi- 
cated is very good and may be 
varied slightly, either slower or 

As chorister, if you feel that you 
get vigorous results only by the 
use of a fast tempo, then try beat- 
ing a vigorous beat, using larger 
beating patterns and making your 
beats more angular, rather than 

Another method of getting 
strength into the performance is 
to maintain a steady tempo. This 
hymn can take a metronomic, 
rigorous beat. Most of Mendels- 
sohn's music calls for a very steady 
pulse. Use no rubatos here; they 
are expressive of weakness. Use a 
slight ritard at the end. 

To the Organist: 

You will find this is not an easy 
hymn to play. The fingers are 
stretched out quite a bit in the left 
hand. As has often been indicated 
on this page, when the bass note 
is far below the tenor note, then 
help yourself by playing the tenor 
note in the right hand with the 
upper parts. 

If your organ has pedals, play 
them throughout except for the 
third line. 

Try for a vigorous performance 
by a bright organ tone. No trem- 
olo. Imagine hearing this music 
in jittery tones! Rather, you want 
it strong in feeling. Keep the pulse 
steady, somewhat in the style of a 
rather fast march, with a step on 
each quarter note. 

Be careful of the note values 
in the first measures of the fourth 
and fifth line. The fourth line has 
four quarter notes. Beat them out 
evenly. In the last line, note the 
dotted quarter and eighth notes. 

Finally, try to play the melody 
rather legato, at the same time 
playing the three lower parts more 
detached for rhythmic emphasis. 
The results will be magic. 

Are you practicing and perfect- 
ing yourself in all this at the 
monthly preparation meeting? 
Have you studied that wonderful 
new book, Worship in Song by 
Clair W. Johnson? We recommend 

— Alexander Schreiner. 

(The Senior Sunday School hymn for the 
month of January, 1965, will be "Prayer Is 
the Soul's Sincere Desire," Hymns, No. 220.) 



Junior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of December 

Hymn: "Far, Far Away on Judea's 
Plains"; author and composer, J. Mac- 
Farlane; The Children Sing, No. 163. 

"Far, Far Away on Judea's 
Plains" is a short, happy song for 
a delightful holiday season. Some- 
times the expectancy and prepara- 
tion for Christmas seems more im- 
portant to children than the real 
purpose of the holiday. We need 
to implant in youngsters the real 
meaning that has come to us be- 
cause of the birth of a divine child. 

This is an exceptional opportu- 
nity to stress the importance of the 
birth of our Saviour. Telling is not 
teaching; so we need to sftpw by 
our exuberance that we are as 
thrilled about this event as if we 
had been one of the shepherds. 
The fact that they were closer to 
the event and lived in a time of 
fewer luxuries need not make it 
more important to them than to 
us. It should give a feeling of real 
joy to all Christians. When this 
feeling pervades, our countenances 
and posture and aura can all help 
tell the true meaning of Christmas. 

To the Chorister: 

The story of the birth of Christ 
never grows old to those who love 
Him. There are many beautiful 
pictures to help children under- 
stand the details of this special, 
blessed event. Some terms that 
would likely need explaining in 
this song are "Judea's plains" 
and "shepherds of old." Use the 
picture, A Shepherd No. 3-15, or 
The Shepherds, No. 5-6, from the 
picture packet for Course, la. They 
not only depict the shepherds, but 
display Judea's plains. 

Connect these pictures and the 
song with the birth of the Saviour 
by using picture No. 5-12, One 
Night in Bethlehem, from the same 
picture packet. Tell the children 
that this picture shows where the 
shepherds went and why they were 
so happy that they sang "Glory to 
God in the highest, and on earth 

peace, good will toward men." 
(Luke 2:14.) 

One of the beauties of this song 
is that tke words and music fit to- 
gether. Important words are sung 
on longer notes, then strengthened 
by the rest that follows, leaving 
the message of "Glory to God" by 

Be sure to observe the rhythm 
as it is written. This is a Christmas 
song children should use and enjoy 
all their lives. Help them learn 
it correctly so that they will con- 
tinue to use it with zest and assur- 

Some of the more mature chil- 
dren will likely know the first 
verse. They should enjoy reviewing 
it but will want to learn something 
new, too. To meet this challenge, 
teach them the third verse. The 
words are self-explanatory. 

To the Organist: 

Simplify the accompaniment for 
children. It is presented here as a 
duet for the verse and as a quar- 
tet for the chorus. Make it easier 

for children to hear and follow the 
melody by playing only the mel- 
ody and bass on the verse, and the 
melody with a simple bass on the 
chorus. This will necessitate omit- 
ting the left hand runs and tenor 
part. Play this simplified accom- 
paniment until the children are all 
responding by singing. Sometimes 
children can hear and reproduce a 
melody from an instrument when 
they fail to do so from another 

If your group can sing the song 
with assurance when you play the 
simplified accompaniment, add the 
full accompaniment as a challenge 
for them. This is a challenge for 
you, too. It necessitates that you 
create a simple accompaniment, 
then later play it as it is written. 
This will require practice. 

Try to make this song one of 
the highlights of the Christmas 
season for your Junior Sunday 

— Mary W. Jensen. 

(The Junior Sunday School hymn for Jan- 
uary, 1965, will be "I Think When I Read 
That Sweet Story," The Children Sing, No. 9.) 

December Sacrament Gems 

For Senior Sunday School For Junior Sunday School 

"No man can serve two masters: Jesus said: ". . . Thou shalt 

for either he will hate the one,' and love thy neighbour as thyself." 2 
love the other; or else he will hold ~~z~^ ™ on 

^Irl&ttfiew 22*39. 

to the one, and despise the other." 

^Matthew 6:24. 

Organ Music To Accompany December Sacrament Gems 



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Robert Cundick 
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Giving help to the poor is responsiblity of the bishop. 


by Alberta Huish Christensen* 

And inasmuch as ye impart of your substance 
unto the poor, ye will do it unto me. . . . (Doctrine 
and Covenants 42:31.) 

Concern for the welfare of others underlies all 
benevolent service. In its fullest application, it is 
far more meaningful and substantial than the mere 
bestowing of alms upon the poor. True benevolence 
implies a genuine love for one's fellowman. 

The Lord has laid upon His Church the obliga- 
tion of providing the necessities of life for such of 
its members as are unable to provide for themselves 
and who do not have relatives who can provide for 
them. 1 

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 
is effectively organized to render benevolent service 
to its needy members. This service considers the 
various aspects of man's spiritual and temporal 
needs. It takes into account the worth and dignity 
of each individual, his right to a degree of temporal 
independence as well as his obligation to render serv- 
ice to others. 

"Ever since its organization in 1830, the Church 
has encouraged its members to establish and main- 
tain their economic independence; it has encouraged 
thrift, and fostered the establishment of employ- 
ment-creating industries; it has stood ready at all 
times to help needy, faithful members." 2 

In 1936 the General Welfare Committee was 
organized by the First Presidency of the Church. 
The primary purpose of the Church Welfare Plan 
"was to set up, in as far as it might be possible, a 
system under which the curse of idleness would be 
done away with, the evils of the dole abolished, and 
independence, industry, thrift, and self-respect be 
once more established amongst our people. The aim 

* Sister Alberta Huish Christensen for the past 16 years has been 
a member of the General Board of the Relief Society. She has 
served in the presidency of a ward Relief Society. She received 
her B.A. degree from Brigham Young University. She and her hus- 
band, Carl J. Christensen of the Deseret Sunday School Union Gen- 
eral Board, are parents of four children. 

(For Course 16, lesson of December 13, "Church Program for the 
Material Needs of Its Members"; for Course 28, lesson of December 
27, "Practical Religion — Benevolence of the Church"; and of general 
interest. ) ;.''«, 

!See Welfare Plan, Handbook of Instructions, page 2. 

^Welfare Plan Handbook, Introduction, page 1. 



of the Church is to help the people to help them- 
selves. Work is to be re-enthroned as the ruling 
principle in the lives of our Church membership." 3 

The constantly expanding welfare program has 
undergone several changes. When first introduced 
into the Church, it was known as the Church Se- 
curity Plan. "Later the name was changed to its 
present designation — the Church Welfare Plan. . . . 
As one of the four priesthood- centered programs of 
the Church, it now may also be aptly referred to as 
the Church Priesthood Welfare Program." 4 

"Church welfare accepts as fundamental truth 
the proposition that one's economic maintenance 
rests (1) upon himself, (2) upon his family, and (3) 
upon the Church, if he is a faithful member there- 
of." 5 

Bishop's Responsibility 

From the foreword prefacing the Welfare Plan 
Handbook, we read that the care of the poor is by 
revelation made the duty of the bishop, and that 
every member of the ward is subject to call by the 
bishop to assist in this work. Primarily he works 
through individual ward members, for over all of 
them he has jurisdiction for this purpose. 

Thus we see that "by the word of the Lord 
sole mandate to care for and the sole discretion in 
caring for the poor of the Church is lodged in the 
bishop. It is his duty and his only to determine to 
whom, when, how, and how much shall be given to 
any member of his ward from Church funds and as 
ward help." 

Bishops are in a position to know intimately the 
conditions of the membership for which they are re- 
sponsible. "In turn they have the right to claim full 
and active cooperation from the priesthood quorums 
and Relief Society, both of which are charged with 
the responsibility of helping their fellowmen." 7 

Fast Offering 

The resources from which bishops obtain the 
necessities to meet their welfare needs are: fast 
offerings, miscellaneous contributions, and welfare 

A once-a-month Fast Sunday has been appointed 
by the Church; and its members have been asked to 
observe this designated day by fasting and by con- 
tributing, for the benefit of the poor, at least the 
cash equivalent of the meals from which they have 

^Conference Re-port of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, October, 1936, page 3. 

^Priesthood Correlation in the Welfare Program, page 1. 

"Welfare Plan Handbook, Introduction, page 1. 

"Welfare Plan Handbook, page 6. 

''Priesthood Correlation in the Welfare Program, page 44. 

abstained. Each member of the family thus has an 
opportunity to share in the spiritual growth which 
comes from this service to others. It is a fine train- 
ing for children, preparing them for greater benevo- 
lent services in the years to come. 

Relief Society 

Since the earliest days of the Church, Relief So- 
ciety has been (and is today) the bishop's chief 
help in administering to the needs of those in dis- 
tress. It has lived up to its objective which the 
Prophet Joseph Smith said, on the day its organi- 
zation was completed, "is the relief of the poor, 
the destitute, the widow and the orphan, and for the 
exercise of all benevolent purposes." It has lived 
up to the prediction then made to the Relief So- 
ciety sisters that "they will pour in oil and wine to 
the wounded heart of the distressed; they will dry 
up the tears of the orphan and make the widow's 
heart to rejoice." 8 

In fulfillment of the Prophet's words, Relief 
Society members have given assistance to the sick, 
the home-bound, and the handicapped. They have 
brought comfort and understanding to families 
where death and other sorrows are experienced. 

Relief Society helps in the production of items 
which are placed in the bishops' storehouses. Wel- 
fare sewing, which comes to the ward through the 
bishop, is one of its responsibilities; it also partici- 
pates in welfare canning activities. 

At the direction of the bishop, the Relief Society 
president visits the home of families in distress to 
ascertain what help may be necessary. She reports 
to the bishop her recommendations of what is need- 
ed; she prepares a bishop's order for his signature, 
and the immediate needs are met. 

Relief Society also aims, through its work meet- 
ing program, to assist mothers in the wise use of 
family resources, and in the wisdom of provident 
living; and it encourages them to teach their chil- 
dren the value of work. These factors may be of 
material value in preventing the need for welfare 

In summary of the benevolent services of the 
Church to its membership, these words of God 
and of His Son are relevant: "Behold, I say unto 
you, that ye must visit the poor and the needy and 
administer to their relief. ..." (Doctrine and Cove- 
nants 44:6.) Also, "Thou shalt love thy neighbour 
as thyself." (Matthew 22:39.) 

s Joseph Smith, History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints, Volume IV; page 567. 
Library File Reference : Welfare Program — Mormon Church. 



yf f-J. 

11 t\ 1 



As a newly arrived missionary in Hsinchu, Taiwan 
(Formosa), I sat in the city hall in mid-December 
and watched an event that in some ways was new 
to me, and in other ways it was new to the people 
who filled the hall. 

On the stage a beautiful young Chinese woman 
sat with her children at her feet and told them a 
story. She told of a star, a promise to a group of 
shepherds, and of a child who was born in a man- 
ger. As the scenes began to unfold before us on 
the stage, they revealed a story familiar to me, 
marked only by such unusual touches as a bamboo 
manger and rice-straw that filled it, and the strange 
speech used by the actors. To the others who sat 
in the hall, the speech was not strange; but the 
story was ofttimes unfamiliar. Christianity is new 
to China. 

I say "new" even though early tales of Christ 
were brought to China by travelers and traders cen- 
turies ago, because such things are new to a land 
that claims a recorded history of over four thousand 
years, and whose great philosophical tradition start- 
ed as early as Confucius in 500 B.C. The Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints came to 

by Blaine D. Porter* 

Taiwan only in 1956 and to Hong Kong only 
slightly earlier. In this city of Hsinchu, the all- 
important message of Christmas presented by 
four missionaries and a small number of Saints and 
investigators of the Gospel was being given for the 
first time. For those who followed up the message 
contained in the program with further investigation, 
this was only the first of a lifetime of commemora- 
tions of the birth of Christ. For others, December 
25 remained just another day, as it had been for 
centuries; the Chinese have never celebrated Christ- 
mas. However, new traditions grow out of today's 
events; and, if you were to visit this land at Christ- 
mastime now, you would see a growing number of 
Latter-day Saints building a new tradition of Christ- 
mas for their children. 

Although other Christian churches have told the 
story of Christ to the Chinese for centuries and the 
British who govern Hong Kong have interjected a 
flavor of European Christmas, the real significance is 
to be found in the branches of The Church of Jesus 

(For Course 10, lesson of December 6, "End of the Mission"; 
and for use during scheduled Christmas class lessons.) 

*Blaine D. Porter labored as a missionary in Taiwan and Hong 
Kong in the Southern Far East Mission. He was awarded his B.A. 
degree from Brigham Young University and is presently working on 
a master's degree at the University of Hawaii, with a fellowship 
from East-West Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange. His 
wife is Aniene Andrus Porter. 



Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is here in these 
often small groups of Saints that Christmas achieves 
its real meaning. Commercialism has no place, for 
Christ is in their hearts. 

Members of the Kowloon District (Hong Kong) 
of the Southern Far East Mission several years ago 
made their preparations for the coming Christmas. 
On Saturday, Christmas Eve, they met together at 
the chapel, and after a word of prayer boarded the 
double-decker buses and rode to the largest hos- 
pital in Hong Kong. For several hours they moved 
from wing to wing, singing the songs of Christmas, 
the songs that told of the birth of Christ. There was 
no snow on the ground, but poinsettas bloomed along 
the walls. The slight chill in the air that night was 
dispelled by the warmth of the feeling of those who 
sang and those who listened. As the lights in the 
hospital began to go out, the group returned to the 
chapel, only to sit and stand reverently around the 
piano, singing still. Refreshments were served, and 
Santa Claus made his entrance. The children 
rushed to him to sit on his lap and whisper in his 
ear, not because they wanted the candy he had for 
them or to ask him for presents, but because they 

knew him and wanted to tell him that they loved 

The next day was Christmas, but it was Sunday; 
and Santa Claus was forgotten. Little children 
stood at the side of the pulpit and told of the 
Christ child, and adults bore their testimonies of 
His divinity. And the missionaries, many of whom 
were away from home for their first Christmas, 
stood in awe as they were taught by these humble 
people the true meaning of Christmas — a Christmas 
in which Christ was all-important. The teachers 
learned from the students. 

These stories are only two of the many that took 
place then and will take place this year in China. 

No, most Chinese have never celebrated Christ- 
mas. For them the New Year is the time for feast- 
ing, high spending, and gift-giving. However, Christ- 
mas is a new day with a special meaning for those 
Chinese, as for all people who have found a new life 
with new meaning. Christmas is a time for giving 
only those things which are important — love, joy, 
faith. Christmas is the day commemorating the 
birth of Christ, and it is reserved for Him. 

Library File Reference: Christmas. 





g« Mission 

^f Headquarters 



Performers in a Chinese Christmas play. 


The Southern Far East Mission. 





by Lowell L. Bennion 


Lesson 44, Dec. 6, 1964 
Chapter 42, pages 780-785 

THAT Jesus Christ will return again to the earth 
as Lord and King and reign a thousand years 
is a fundamental belief of- Latter-day Saints. This 
event is heralded in all the Standard Works, more 
particularly in the New Testament and the Doctrine 
and Covenants, as Brother Talmage illustrates pro- 
fusely. The Saviour's second coming has been a 
guiding and motivating theme of the restoration. 
The Church was established, in part, to prepare the 
way for the coming of the Son of Man. 

There are some major concepts Of interest to us 
on this subject. We shall discuss them in turn. 

What Do We Know? 


What things do we learn from the scriptures pertaining 
to the Saviour's second coming? (Note specifically 
Matthew 24.) 

(1) The exact time of His coming we do not 
know. Jesus said He would come unexpectedly, "as 
a thief in the night." "But of that day and hour 
knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, 
but my Father only." (Matthew 24:36.) In our day, 
He has also said, ". . . the time is soon at hand. . ." 
And, ". . . verily, verily, I say unto you, I come 
quickly. . . ." (Doctrine and Covenants 34:7, 12.) 
"For the time is at hand; and the day or the hour 
no man knoweth; but it surely shall come." (Doc- 
trine and Covenants 39:21.) 

The time element in prophecy is very difficult to 
interpret. Time is relative to the person who is 
speaking of it. To a child it must seem as a decade 
or a .century between birthdays, whereas to busy 
older adults time flies away as on the wings of a jet 
plane. The Lord is speaking and inspiring these 
prophecies pertaining to His coming. Years to us 
may well be as seconds to Him in the light of His 
eternal perspective. New Testament writers, par- 
ticularly Paul, seem to have thought His coming 
imminent. Many Latter-day Saints, now long dead, 
thought they Would live to see the Saviour's trium- 
phant return. The Doctrine and Covenants gave 
them cause to feel this way. In short, no one can 

(For Course 26, lessons of December 6, 13, 20, 27, "Jesus the 
Christ to Return," "The Millennium and Celestial Consummation," 
Christmas Lesson, and "Teachings of Jesus in Our Lives.") 

interpret the scriptures exactly pertaining to time. 
Christ could come tomorrow; and again, years and 
centuries may pass. Only the Father knows the 
hour and the day. 

(2) He will come in power and glory. The wick- 
ed will be confounded and consumed at the glory of 
His presence; the righteous will rejoice. What will 
happen to the rest of us, who are both strong and 
weak, unrighteous and righteous in our lives, has not 
been revealed. This, Deity alone can judge. 

There is a certain deep sense of satisfaction in 
the thought that Christ will come triumphantly next 
time. His life was not one of power and glory when 
He dwelt in the flesh among men. Even then there 
was strength in His meekness, beauty in His com- 
passion, and graciousness in His love. But then, 
and since then, men could ignore their earthly Crea- 
tor and abuse His brethren as they saw fit. However, 
all men will know of His second coming. And 
though they will be free to acknowledge or to re- 
ject their Saviour, they will be confronted by His 
presence and by their own way of life, be it good 
or evil. 

(3) As already indicated, His coming will be a 
dreadful day for all those who have hardened their 
hearts, who have done wickedly, and who have not 
known the sorrow which leads to repentance. On 
the other hand, the righteous mortals at the time 
of His coming, in the words of Paul, ". . . shall not 
all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, 
in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump. . . .*' 
(7 Corinthians 15:51, 52. See also I Thessalonians 

(4) Christ's coming will give great impetus to 
the resurrection. According to the Saviour, at the 
time of His coming, ". . . they shall come forth — yea, 
even the dead which died in me, to receive a crown 
of righteousness, and to be clothed upon, even as I 
am, to be with me, that we may be one." (Doctrine 
and Covenants 29:13.) 

What Shall We Do? 

The Saviour in His day warned His disciples by 
precept and parable to be ready for His coming. 

Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour 
your Lord doth come. . . . Therefore be ye also 
ready . . . (Matthew 24:42, 44. Note also verses 45- 

Consider also the parable of the foolish virgins who 





Lesson 45, Dec. 13, 1964 
Chapter 42, pages 785-792 

. . . Treasure these things up in 
your hearts, and let the solemni- 
ties of eternity rest upon your 
minds. (Doctrine and Covenants 


had no oil in their lamps. (Matthew 25:1-13.) 

In our day we, too, have been similarly taught 
by the revelations of the Saviour to Joseph Smith: 

. . . And he that watches not for me shall 
be cut off. (Doctrine and Covenants 45:44.) 

Behold, now it is called today until the coming of 
the Son of Man. . . . Wherefore, if ye believe me, ye 
will labor while it is called today. (Doctrine and 
Covenants 64:23, 25.) 


1. How should we prepare for the Saviour's second 

2. If you knew for sure that the Saviour would return 
within five years, would you live differently? How? 

3. If you knew this event would occur in six months, 
would you live differently? 

4. Why not change our way of life anyway, not know- 
ing when? 

5. In what activities are we engaged which have no 
meaning for His coming? 

Assign one or two class members to speak briefly 
concerning the theme: How faith in the second com- 
ing of Christ affects my life today. 

OW easy it is for many of us 
to live out our lives as Mar- 
tha did, cooking and dusting, or 
in buying and selling, building 
and investing, and seeking enter- 
tainment. Our values are largely 
this-world oriented, judging by 
efforts, concerns, and expendi- 
tures of time and money. 

Occasionally one meets, at the 
other extreme, a person who 
dreams of the celestial glory to 
be and in a way quite unrelated 
to the here and now. Such an 
individual may be so out of touch 
with the present that he alienates 
others from his chief concern. The 
writer recalls a family of children 
who utterly and bitterly rejected the Restored Gos- 
pel because their well-meaning father talked of 
nothing but eternal glory while their mother worked 
hard washing other people's soiled clothes to keep 
the family from hunger. 

The ideal of life in reference to time, it would 
seem to us, would be to live meaningfully in the 
present but in the context of an eternal perspective. 
Life is only real and vital in the present. The past 
is but a memory, and the future nothing more than 
a possibility. To know life we must live it deeply 
and richly now, but in a way that will be consistent 
with our long-range, eternal self-realization. To live 
mainly in the present is just what we should do, but 
not for the things which "moth and rust doth cor- 
rupt, and where thieves break through and steal." 
(Matthew 6:19.) We are to live now for the things 
of God, developing in ourselves and in others those 
(Continued on following page.) 



JESUS THE CHRIST (Continued from preceding page.) 

moral, spiritual, and intellectual qualities of life we 
can take with us into eternity, which reflect honor 
on our Creator and His Son, and even which bring 
us the deepest satisfaction now. 


In terms of the above discussion, how would you de- 
scribe your present manner of life? 

Two Kingdoms 

According to Doctrine and Covenants 65, and 
Elder Talmage in Jesus the Christ, pages 788-789, 

1. What is the Kingdom of God? 

2. What is the Kingdom of heaven? 

Brother Talmage indicates that in modern scrip- 
ture (e.g. Doctrine and Covenants 65) the Kingdom 
of God refers to the Church, whereas the Kingdom 
of heaven is the righteous reign of the Saviour on 
earth when He shall come in power and glory. The 
Church is to prepare the way for the Kingdom of 
heaven to be established at His coming. 

Just as an individual must balance and integrate 
his interest in the present and in the future, so 
these two kingdoms have an intimate and meaning- 
ful relationship to one another. When Christ shall 
come again, He will establish a righteous and theo- 
cratic rule. Satan will be bound and peace will 
reign on earth. The beloved prophecies of Micah 
and Isaiah will be fulfilled: 

And he shall judge among the nations, and shall 
rebuke many people: and they shall beat their 
swords into plowshares, and their spears into prun- 
inghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against na- 
tion, neither shall they learn war any more. (Isaiah 
2:4. See also Micah 4.) 


1. How can the Kingdom of God prepare for the 
coming of the Kingdom of heaven? Be specific. 

2. How is Satan to be bound? (Note / Nephi 22: 24-26.) 

3. Presently, the Saviour depends greatly on us to 
help Him to build the Kingdom of God. Will He 
need our help any more or less in establishing the 
Kingdom of heaven? 

4. Read Doctrine and Covenants 76:50-70 in which 
the Celestial kingdom is described beautifully. 

a. What is man's part in achieving this glory? 

b. What part of it might be ascribed to the grace 
of Deity? 

Lesson 46, Dec. 20, 1964 

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only 
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should 
not perish, but have everlasting life. (John 3:16.) 


N the Restored Gospel great emphasis is placed 
on man's role in his own salvation. The third 

Article of Faith makes the efficacy of the atonement 
dependent on man's effort. "We believe that through 
the Atonement of Christ, all mankind may be saved, 
by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the Gos- 
pel." If salvation means genuine spiritual growth 
based on obedience to spiritual laws, then surely 
man must participate therein with mind and will. 
Latter-day Saints rightfully reject all Christian in- 
terpretations of grace which rob man of moral re- 

However, in our emphasis on works, we often 
overlook the gifts of Christ, His grace, without which 
all of our works would have been in vain. In this 
Sabbath prior to Christmas it is fitting that we re- 
mind ourselves of how much grace there is in the Re- 
stored Gospel. 

The Gifts of Christ 

Grace means a gift, an unmerited gift. What 
has Christ done for us which we did not earn, acts 
of pure love on our behalf? 

1. Under the direction of the Father, He created 
our mortal life on earth. All the joys of living in 
nature, with loved ones, friends, and fellow human 
beings, the thrill of learning, thinking, feeling, creat- 
ing, and doing presuppose our earthly existence. Do 
we remember the Saviour as we enjoy the satisfac- 
tions of earth life? 

2. Throughout the history of mankind, Jesus has 
been a revelator to the prophets — to the Brother of 
Jared (Ether 3), to Saul of Tarsus, to Joseph Smith, 
and to prophets in the Old Testament. Under the 
direction of the Father all three members of the 
Godhead have been revelators. 

Revelation is a gift. Even though we must seek 
it out of the urgent needs of our human predica- 
ment, that Deity should reveal their will to man is 
an act of grace born of their interest in our welfare. 

3. Likewise the Spirit or Light of Christ is the 
very light and life of men, given freely to sustain and 
enlighten us, to quicken our intelligence, and to give 
wings to our moral and spiritual aspirations. This, 
too, is given graciously and not earned. (See Doc- 
trine and Covenants 88 and Moroni 7.) 

4. The gift of the Holy Ghost was in the power of 
the Saviour to give to His disciples of old. This in- 
comparable gift is His to give to us also. True, we 
must be penitent, meek, and lowly of heart to re- 
ceive this gift; but it is still a gift. We do not earn 
it but only the ability to partake of it. 

5. The priesthood we bear is the priesthood after 
the order of the Son of God. It is the power of 
Deity. True, we must be worthy to receive it; but 
why should it be bestowed upon us except as a gift 
of love? 



6. Forgiveness has as a root word "give." No 
one earns forgiveness. If he did, what he receives 
would be justice. And even though we cannot ac- 
cept forgiveness without repentance, it is still an 
act of grace to forgive. Think how forgiving the 
Saviour was and is! 

7. Christ gave His life that we might be moved 
to repent and to receive forgiveness. He died also 
and was resurrected that all men — deserving or un- 
deserving — might rise from the grave and have the 
opportunity of life eternal as resurrected beings, 
eternal souls. It was not within the power of man 
to earn or achieve his own resurrection. 

8. Jesus was a teacher, a voluntary, unpaid, itin- 
erant teacher who responded graciously and un- 
wearyingly to the spiritual hunger of men. Teaching 
of this kind is pure grace, unearned and sometimes 
undeserved by hearers. 

9. Finally, one of His greatest gifts to us was 
the gift of Himself. He was a friend to man, par- 
ticularly to the poor, the sick of body and soul, the 
oppressed, the widow, the child, the sinner, the de- 
spised publican. He is also our friend. His life was 
a life of love, and love is always offered as a gift. 

The Restored Gospel makes it amply clear that 
the gifts of Christ are of no avail if they are not 
accepted with full purpose of heart, but let us not 
forget at this Christmas Season that without the 
grace of Christ there would be no life on earth, no 
resurrection, no fulness of the Gospel, no complete 
forgiveness, no light of Christ. 


1. What shall be our gift to Christ? 

2. What does He ask of us? 

. . . If a man love me, he will keep my words: 
and my Father will love him, and we will come unto 
him, and make our abode with him. He that loveth 
me not keepeth not my sayings . . .(John 14:23, 24.) 

This is my commandment, That ye love one an- 
other, as I have loved you. (John 15:12.) 

. . . Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? . . . 
Feed my sheep. (See John 21:15-17.) 


Lesson 47, Dec. 27, 1964 

THIS all too-hurried course, which began in the 
middle of Talmage's Jesus the Christ, draws to 
a Close. We end these discussions reluctantly be- 
cause the Saviour is the heart and soul of our faith 
and we know so little of the fulness of His life, 
teachings, and mission. It is hoped that through 
having shared with each other this study during 
the past year, we will have gained an increased in- 
terest in a continuing study of His life and mission. 

On this last Sunday, perhaps we can best share 
our high regard for the Master in fellowship with 
one another. Let it be remembered that through 
our acceptance of Him, we have entered into a new 
kind of relationship with both Him and with each 
other. This is beautifully portrayed in Mosiah 5:7-9 
and 18:8. King Benjamin points out that through 
faith and repentance we become born of Him, 
"spiritually begotten" sons and daughters of Christ. 
And Mosiah 18 gives us a concrete picture of what 
happens to a community of Saints who truly accept 
fellowship with the Saviour. 

On this last Sunday, we might invite each mem- 
ber of the class to (1) discuss the Christmas lesson, 
if it was not done last week, or (2) indicate one 
place in which we fall far short of the ideal of Chris- 
tian fellowship with each other. 

The Gospel of Jesus Christ is an ideal. As He 
lived it, it is beyond our reach in this life. We can- 
not expect perfection of ourselves or of others, but 
we can work for improvement. Measured against 
this Christian ideal: 

1. Of what do we need to repent? 

2. Wherein can we become more genuine disciples? 

Invite each class member to indicate one way in 
which he intends to vitalize his Christian disciple- 

Library File Reference : Jesus Christ. 

Evans Advertising: photo — front cover. 
Sherman T. Martin: photos — 373, 390, 

409, 413; art— 377, 383; layouts. 
Mark K. Allen: photos— 378, 379. 
Dale Kilbourn: art— 381, 388, 397, 404. 


Ray Kooyman: photo — 394. 

Bill Johnson: art — 395, outside back 

Ted Nagata: art — 400, 406. 
Don Knight: photo — 402. 

Dorothy Handley: art — flannelboard 

Charles J. Jacobsen: art — inside front 
and back covers. 



Orderly Preservation 
of Research Notes 

by Norman E. Wright* 

As more people engage in research and as new 
researchers take up work previously initiated by 
others, there is a problem in avoiding duplication of 
research effort and in being able to properly docu- 
ment research findings. An orderly system of tak- 
ing and preserving research notes becomes a real 
need and deserves the attention of researchers. 

Research is a continuing process. And as we 
must often present evidence from several sources 
over extended periods of search, it becomes evident 
that an effective system is necessary in recording 
this information. The scientist records his obser- 
vations and experimentations in careful detail and 
with strict accuracy, and he then carefully analyzes 
his findings before reaching his conclusions. Should 
the genealogical researcher do less than this? 

It could be stated that our basic objective in 
genealogical research is the family unit; identified 
completely and accurately, with references to sup- 
port our statements. The researcher is trying to 
construct a family group sheet for each union on 
his pedigree chart with all the necessary genealogical 
facts on each individual. It is suggested that the 
family unit could be the nucleus of a good note- 
keeping system. 

It is agreed that no one system is perfect for 
all areas of search. The problem of searching sev- 
eral parish registers in Scotland for a christening 
entry is somewhat different, note-wise, than search- 
ing county land and probate records in the United 
States for confirmation of a death date. However, 
it should be recognized that certain information is 
desirable in any orderly system. Some of the more 
important items of value in note-keeping are as fol- 

Name of the searcher. 

Date of search. 

Surnames of interest. 

Locality of interest. 

Source description. 

Genealogical facts obtained. 

(For Course 20, lesson of December 13, "Orderly Preservation of 
Research Notes.") 

* Norman Edgar Wright is a researcher and reference librarian 
with the Genealogical Society and a genealogical instructor at Brig- 
ham Young University. He received his B.S. degree from BYU and 
M.S. degree from Utah State University. He has served in the New 
Zealand Mission. He and his wife, the former Carolyn LaRene 
Bevan, are parents of six children. 

The name of the researcher should be entered on 
research notes to avoid loss of material and to assist 
in the analysis of research findings. If it is worth 
listing, it is worth identifying. 

The date of search can be valuable to guide the 
searcher in his work. As new surnames are deter- 
mined, the researcher may need to search again cer- 
tain records previously searched. The date of 
search listed on research notes will assist him in this 
regard. Some researchers insist that the time of 
search is of no importance, but our experience is 
that the date of search should be indicated. 

The surnames of interest might well be indicated 
as a guide and reminder. Often, we are looking for 
several different surnames in the same locality and 
a convenient listing or reminder will aid consider- 

The locality of interest should be noted to avoid 
confusion in analysis work. The marriage extracts 
of a North Carolina county should not be confused 
with those of an English parish. Often, it is neces- 
sary to search all records of a particular town or 
county; and to be able to identify each record 
searched of a particular area would be important. 

The source description is probably the area 
where most of us offend good research practices. 
This should be to the researcher what "chapter and 
verse" is to the missionary. For proper documen- 
tation and for future reference, we should identify 
each source by title, author, and year of publica- 
tion; or by name and address if obtained by per- 
sonal interview. If a family group sheet is worthy 
of initiation, it is worthy of proper documentation. 

The genealogical facts obtained are, of course, 
our real objective and should be so listed as to indi- 
cate the context of the original source. Whether it 
is an extract, an abstract, or a manuscript copy of 
the entire document, it should reflect the meaning 
of the original. 

The researcher should be able to locate and doc- 
ument any and all of his statements with speed and 
accuracy. How often have we been guilty of fumb- 
ling through page after page of notes looking for an 
extract important to our problem, but which can- 
not be found? Some researchers do not retain their 



notes at all but simply jot down the library call 
number. When the ink is dry, they are at a com- 
plete loss to know from whence the information 

In many fields of research the searcher lists his 
bibliographical information (description of source) 
on cards or sheets of paper, and then after investi- 
gating that source he lists his findings on that card 
or sheet of paper. Others follow a system of listing 
each reference to be searched in separate form so 
they can determine just what has been searched at 
any given time. In this system the actual findings 
are listed in manuscript form separate and apart 
from the listing of references to be searched. Which- 
ever system is used, the researcher should be able 
to tell at once (1) which sources he has searched, 
(2) from which localities these sources originated, 
and (3) what information was obtained therefrom. 

The following system has been used successfully 
by some of the American researchers at the Gen- 
ealogical Society and by many genealogical students. 
This system was designed for research in America 
and may not be workable in other areas without 
modification. It is a work file only and leads to the 
orderly arrangement of extracts, abstracts, certifi- 
cates, and manuscript notes. 

Four basic elements are involved in the system; 
namely, (1) an index or list of searches, (2) an 
index or list of correspondence, (3) a manuscript 
note file, and (4) work folders to file a status family 
group sheet, pedigree, and applicable certificates. 

The index or list of searches (see Figure 1) indi- 
cates the references searched for one specific locality 
(town or county in the U.S.). The research findings 
are not listed on this at all, but a cross reference or 
"extract number" indicates where the actual find- 
ings are transcribed. As further references are lo- 
cated for that specific locality, they are added to the 
list or additional sheets as required. This list of 
searches is maintained in separate form from the 
actual, notes taken and provides information as to 
what source has been searched for a specific locality 
and indicates where that information can be found; 
both in extract or manuscript form and in the orig- 
inal source. 

The list or index of correspondence provides the 
same detail for all letters written and received. (See 
Figure 2.) 

The actual notes taken in research are indicated 
as the "manuscript note file" and may be made up 
of single sheets of lined paper or may be bound note 
books or ring binders. The notes taken are listed 

(Concluded on page 416.) 

OCTOBER 196 4 


The Mysterious Visitor 

by Samuel D. Bog an 

In spite of the fun and laughter, young Frank 
Wilson was not happy. 

It was true that he had received all the presents 
he wanted. And he enjoyed these traditional Christ- 
mas Eve reunions of relatives — this year at Aunt 
Susan's — for the purpose of exchanging gifts and 
good wishes. 

But Frank was not happy because this was to 
be his first Christmas without his brother, Steve, 
who, during the year, had been the tragic victim of a 
reckless driver. Frank missed his brother and the 
close companionship they had had together. 

He said good-bye to his relatives and explained 
to his parents that he was leaving a little early to 
see a friend. Since it was cold outside, Frank put 
on his new plaid jacket. It was his favorite gift. 
The other presents he placed on his new sled. 

Then Frank headed for the Flats, hoping to find 
the patrol leader of his Boy Scout troop. This was 
the section of town where most of the poor lived, 
and his patrol leader did odd jobs to help support 
his family. To Frank's disappointment his friend 
was not at home, but running errands. 

As Frank hiked down the street, he caught 
glimpses of trees and decorations in many homes. 
Although not meaning to pry, suddenly he glimpsed 
a shabby room with the limp stockings hanging over 
an empty fireplace. A woman was seated near them 
weeping. The stockings reminded him of the way 
he and his brother had always hung theirs side by 
side. The next morning they would be full of pres- 
ents. Then he remembered that he had not done 
his "good turn" for the day. 

He knocked on the door. 

"Yes?" the sad voice of the woman inquired. 

"May I come in?" 

"You are very welcome," she said, "but I have 
no food or gifts for you. I have nothing for my own 

"That's not why I am here," Frank replied. "You 
are to choose whatever presents you need for your 
children from this sled." 

"Why, God bless you!" the amazed woman an- 
swered gratefully. 

She selected some candies, a game, the toy air- 
plane, and a puzzle. When she took the new Scout 
flashlight, Frank almost cried out. Finally, the 
stockings were full. 

"Won't you tell me your name?" she asked, as 
Frank was leaving. 

"Just call me the Christmas Scout," he replied. 

That night Frank saw that his sorrow was not 
the only sorrow in the world, and before he left the 
Flats, he had given away the remainder of his toys. 
The plaid jacket had gone to a shivering boy. 

But he trudged homeward, cold and uneasy. Hav- 
ing given his presents away, Frank now could think 
of no reasonable explanation to offer his parents. He 
wondered how he could make them understand. 

"Where are your presents, Son?" asked his 
father as he entered the house. 

"I gave them away." 

"But we thought you were happy with your 

"I was — very happy," the boy answered lamely. 

"But, Frank, how could you be so impulsive?" 
his mother asked. 

His father was firm. "You made your choice, 
Frank. We cannot afford any more presents." 

His brother gone, his" family disappointed in him, 
Frank suddenly felt dreadfully alone. He had not 
expected a reward for his generosity for, in the wis- 
dom of young grief, he knew that a good deed always 
should be its own reward. It would be tarnished 
otherwise. So he did not want his gifts back. Frank 
thought of his brother and sobbed himself to sleep. 

The next morning he came downstairs to find 
his parents listening to Christmas music on the 
radio. Then the announcer spoke: 

"Merry Christmas, everybody! The nicest Christ- 
mas story we have this morning comes from the 
Flats. A crippled boy down there has a new sled 
this morning, another youngster has a fine plaid 
jacket, and several families report that their chil- 
dren were made happy last night by gifts from a 
teen-age boy who simply referred to himself as the 
Christmas Scout. No one could identify him, but 
the children of the Flats claim that the Christmas 
Scout was a personal representative of old Santa 
Claus himself." 

Frank felt his father's arms go around his should- 
ers, and he saw his mother smiling through her tears. 
"Why didn't you tell us? We are so proud of you, 

The carols came over the air again filling the 
room with music. 

". . .And praises sing to God the King, and 
peace to men on Earth." 

(For Course 8, lesson of December 20, Christmas Lesson ; and 
for other Christmas lessons as desired.) 

♦Reprinted by permission of Scouting Magazine. 
Library File Reference: Christmas: 





by Richard 0. Cowan 

The Patriarch Abraham lived about two thousand 
years before Christ. Scriptural accounts in both 
Genesis and Abraham recount the marvelous bless- 
ings promised to this great man. 1 Because of the 
righteous character of his seed, Abraham has come 
to be called "the father of the Faithful/' 

These great promises were renewed to Abraham's 
son, Isaac, and to his grandson, Jacob. The latter 
was renamed Israel because of his successfully ob- 
taining a blessing from the Lord. (See Genesis 32: 
24-28.) Jacob, or Israel, had twelve sons who be- 
came the progenitors of the twelve "Tribes of 
Israel." According to the law of primogeniture the 
eldest son received a double portion of the inheri- 
tance. Because of transgression, Reuben lost his 
birthright as eldest son, and Joseph, next to the 
youngest, took his place. (Genesis 35:22; 49:4.) 
Because Joseph was now entitled to this privilege, 
Jacob counted Joseph's two sons, Ephraim and 
Manasseh, as though they were his own. (Genesis 48.) 
In this way Ephraim and Manasseh became the 

(For Course 8, lessons of November 29 and December 6, "Reho- 
boam the Foolish" and "Jeroboam the Deceitful"; for Course 12, 
lesson of November 1, "The Blessing of Joseph and Its Fulfillment in 
America"; for Course 16, lesson of November 1, "The Gathering of 
Israel"; and for Course 28, lesson of October 25, "Dispersion and 
Gathering of Israel"; and of general interest.) 

!See "All May Share the Blessings of Abraham," article and 
chart by Richard O. Cowan, The Instructor, September, 1960, pages 
319, 320, and inside back cover. 

heads of tribes instead of there being a single tribe 
of Joseph. In addition, the descendants of Levi were 
given a special assignment to serve in the Lesser 
Priesthood among all the other tribes. 

Following a four-hundred-year period of bondage 
in Egypt and an additional 40 years in the wilder- 
ness, the "children" or descendants of Israel entered 
the promised land about 1250 B.C. At first they 
were governed by a system of tribal "judges," but 
the people demanded a king who could unite them 
and give them prestige comparable to that of neigh- 
boring nations. Saul, David (who occupied the 
throne about 1000 B.C.), and Solomon successively 
reigned over the "United Kingdom." This unity 
came to an end shortly thereafter when the ten 
northern tribes refused to recognize Solomon's son, 
Rehoboam, as their king. They seceded from the 
union and formed their own kingdom under the 
leadership of Jeroboam. The so-called Northern 
Kingdom was also known as the Kingdom of Israel 
or Kingdom of Ephraim because of the dominance 
of the latter tribe. 

The accompanying chart summarizes the im- 
portant phases of the scattering and gathering of 
Israel. (For a good discussion of the subject, see 
The Articles of Faith, by James E. Talmage, 2 chap- 
ters 17-19; also A Marvelous Work and a Wonder, 
by LeGrand Richards, 3 chapters 15-16.) Notice that 
several of the groups will have been scattered and 
gathered more than once. It is interesting that those 
groups associated with the Northern Kingdom will 
have the Western Hemisphere, Zion, or the New 

2 James E. Talmage, Articles of Faith, The Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1924. 

3 LeGrand Richards, A Marvelous Work and a Wonder, Deseret 
Book Company, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1950. 



THE TAME AND THE WILD OLIVE TREE (Concluded from preceding page.) 

Jerusalem as their latter-day gathering center; 
those from the Southern Kingdom will gather in the 
eastern hemisphere, at the old Jerusalem, which will 
be rebuilt. It is true that Lehi left from Jerusalem; 
but he and his group were descendants of Joseph, 
whose posterity was numbered among the tribes in 
the north. The chart also indicates that the proph- 
esied gathering is now under way and its complete 
fulfillment is yet in the future. 

The Book of Mormon quotes the writings of 
Zenos, an Old World prophet, who told the history 
of Israel in allegory. (See Jacob 5.) In verses 3-14 
Zenos compared Israel to a tame olive tree which 
grew old and began to decay (apostatize?). Under 
the care of the lord of the vineyard (or of the world) 
the tree put forth some tender shoots or natural 
branches which were taken and transplanted 
throughout the vineyard (scattering of Israel?). All 
these brought forth good fruit except for the branch 
planted in the choicest place which brought forth 
part good and part evil fruit. (Nephites and Laman- 
ites? See verses 15-28.) 

Verses 29-48 describe how subsequently the wild 
branches (Gentile influence?) overcame the roots of 
the tame tree so that it brought forth evil fruit. Even 
the scattered branches came to bear corrupt fruit 
(universal apostasy?). Verses 49-74 indicate that 
the lord and his servants, who were few, went forth 
for the last time (latter days?) to work in the vine- 
yard. They brought shoots from the natural 
branches which had been transplanted throughout 

the vineyard and regrafted them into the mother 
tree (gathering of Israel?). At the same time they 
took branches from the mother tree to graft them 
onto the trees throughout the vineyard (establish- 
ment of church branches throughout the world?). 
By these efforts the natural fruit, which was choice 
above all other fruits, was again produced (restora- 
tion of the Gospel?). 

According to verses 75 and 76 the corruptible 
branches were cast into the fire (premillennial 
cleansing of the earth?), and the lord and his faith- 
ful servants for a long time (millennium?) enjoyed 
the fruits of their labors. When, in the end, as de- b^ 
scribed in verse 77,, evil fruit again appeared in the ^^ 
vineyard (loosing of Satan?), the lord gathered the 
good and the evil respectively into their own places 
(judgment?) and caused the vineyard (the earth 
itself) to be burned by fire. 

Thus the Prophet Zenos outlined in allegory the 
history of Israel from the beginning to the time 
when the earth will be consumed by fire and become 
a celestialized world. As has been shown, the Lord 
desired to preserve the various branches of His cove- 
nant people, Israel. Thus the gathering is one of 
the most important works to be accomplished dur- 
ing the present dispensation. Let us who have been 
gathered prove worthy of the great blessings prom- 
ised to Abraham and his seed. Let us remember 
that the faithful members of Christ's Church will 
be accounted as the true Israel of the last days. 

Library File Reference: Israel. 


in their sequence of search. The searcher does not 
attempt to separate the data obtained, either by 
surname or locality, but simply lists his extracts, 
abstracts, copy work, and even his comments. These 
notes will show the "extract number" (cross refer- 
ence) from the index or list of search and at a mo- 
ment's notice the researcher can refer from the index 
of search to the actual notes taken, or can refer from 
the notes taken to his bibliographical information 
on the index of search. (See Figure 3.) 

A work folder is initiated for each family group 
on the pedigree. This will hold a "status family 
group sheet" which shows the known genealogical 
facts on that family, a "status pedigree chart," and 
all certificates, clippings, and related documents of 
the children. There must be a point of dividing ma- 
terial on the family group, and we arrived at this 
by placing data of the children in the folder of their 
parents. The husband and wife's genealogical in- 
formation will be found on the "status family group 
sheet" in the folder of their name, but documents 

relating to them will be found in the folder of their 

It is very often advisable to copy information 
directly onto family group sheets or special pre- 
printed forms, such as census forms. These, in es- 
sence, become part of the manuscript note file. How- 
ever, the researcher may want to file these in the 
work folder. If that is the case, the manuscript note 
file must have an entry indicating where the sheets 
will be found. We do not suggest that the manu- 
script notes be broken up and placed in the work 
folders; but facts from the notes may be copied and 
placed therein, if desired. 

With this index of search and correspondence, 
the manuscript note file, and the work folder con- 
cept, it is possible to provide an orderly listing of 
sources searched, information located, and a file 
showing certificates, clippings, documents, and a 
status family group sheet for each family unit. 

Library File Reference: Genealogy. 



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Marquis de Montcalm. 

His aim: "To be an honorable man. 

Among the 
cities of 
North America 
it is a Methuselah that is different. 
Quebec, rising like a fortress 
on the high cliffs over the silver- 
gray St. Lawrence River, is old. 
The city was founded in 1608 by a 
handsome French explorer, Sam- 
uel de Champlain. 

We found towered, turreted 
Quebec full of Old World charm. 
We wound through narrow, hilly 
streets where hoofbeats still sound. 
We munched bread browned to 
chewy goodness in a wood-burning, 
outdoor, brick oven on the out- 
skirts of town. 

Like most cities, Quebec has its 
heroes. But Quebec's real hero, if 
you consider places and buildings 
named for the man, is the eigh- 
teenth century French soldier, 
Marquis de Montcalm. 1 There are 
Montcalm Hotel, Montcalm 
Square, and Palais Montcalm — the 
city's civic center. A 220-acre Na- 
tional Battlefields Park has been 
dedicated where Montcalm rode to 
battle in defense of Quebec. A 
large, stone monument honors him 
and his opposing general, James 

Why does this old French city 
so honor Montcalm? After all, he 
was the Frenchman who lost the 
city to the British on the Septem- 
ber day in 1759. More than that, 
Montcalm's crushing defeat before 
Wolfe lost for France her vast em- 
pire in the New World. 

Several times we walked across 
those rolling Plains of Abraham 

(For Course 6, lesson of December 13, 
"Joseph Smith, the Great Latter-day Proph- 
et"; for Course 8, lesson of December G, 
"Jeroboam, the Deceitful"; for Course 24, 
lesson of December 27, "The Personal Com- 
mitment"; and of general interest.) 

iMontcalm de Saint- Veran, de (Marquis 
Louis Joseph). 

where Montcalm's army was 
routed by Wolfe's. 

Young, gangling James Wolfe's 
troops at 4 a.m. on Sept. 13, 1759, 
had moved ashore at a cove about 
two miles west of Quebec. They 
clambered up the cliff and four 
hours later were poised on the 
Plains for battle. 

Riding a black charger, Mont- 
calm led his white-uniformed 
French army across the Plains to 
meet the scarlet lines of the Brit- 

Montcalm had much to make 
his heart heavy on that eventful 
morning. Eight days before he 
had placed a French regiment to 
guard the very cove where Wolfe 
had landed. Two days later, the 
vain, temperamental governor of 
Canada, Vendreuil, had ordered 
the regiment away from the cove. 
This was only one of many in- 
stances where the governor had 
crossed the general. 

But that morning against Wolfe 
found Montcalm riding in front of 
his lines giving encouragement to 
some 5,000 men. When he ordered 
an advance, the army moved in 
three columns, with Montcalm 
leading the center. Meanwhile, 
Wolfe had commanded his troops 
to hold their fire until the enemy 
was 40 paces away. During the 
brief battle, Wolfe was mortally 
wounded in the chest and died as 
his army pursued the French to- 
ward Quebec. Montcalm was 
struck in the stomach and thigh. 
When he was told he had only a 
few hours to live, he said: "So 
much the better, as I shall not live 
long enough to see the surrender 
of Quebec." 2 He died the next day. 

Montcalm was gallant in death 

2 Sigmund Samuel, The Seven Years War in 
Canada; The Ryerson Press, Toronto Canada, 
1934; page 110. 

as he had been through a life of 
47 years. As a youth he had writ- 
ten his life's aims to his father. 
Young Montcalm began: "1. To be 
an honorable man of good morals, 
brave and a Christian." He also 
expressed a desire for learning and 
"intellectual accuracy," to honor 
his parents, and "fence and ride 
as well as my small abilities will 
permit." 3 

That seemed to be Montcalm's 
lifelong code. As a French soldier 
in his teens, he used the long leis- 
ure hours to learn German and 
Greek. At 40, he wrote of his 
children (the Montcalms were to 
have ten): "May the world pre- 
serve them all and make them 
prosper for this world and the 
next." 4 

Before meeting Wolfe, Mont- 
calm scored brilliant victories in 
the New World, at Fort Oswego 
and Fort William Henry. At Ti- 
conderoga, with 3,800 men he 
repulsed a British force of 15,000. 

After Montcalm fell on the 
Plains of Abraham, one of his offi- 
cers wrote: "I can never console 
myself for the loss of my general. 
. . . He was a good general, a zeal- 
ous citizen, a reliable friend, and 
a father of us all." 5 

Montcalm lost Quebec, but he 
won the esteem of its citizens 
through many generations. He 
won because he seemed to stay 
true to his boyhood desire of living 
nobly and fighting gallantly. That 
is what I hope to remember from 
a visit to quaint Quebec. 

— Wendell J. Ashton, 

3 A. Doughty and G. W. Parmelee, The 
Siege of Quebec and the Battle of the Plains 
of Abraham, Volume 1, Dassault & Proulx, 
Quebec, Canada, 1901; page 1932. 

4 T7ie Siege of Quebec and the Battle of the 
Plains of Abraham, pages 133, 134. 

$The Siege of Quebec and the Battle of the 
Plains of Abraham, Volume 3, page 169. 
Library Pile Reference : Character.